Brief report: Television viewing and risk for attention problems in preschool children.
ABSTRACT This study examined whether high levels of television viewing are associated with attention problems and hyperactivity in preschool children.
Parent and teacher ratings of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, objectively measured activity level, and parental estimation of early television exposure were collected for a sample of preschool children. Separate linear regression analyses were conducted with parent and teacher behavioral ratings and objectively assessed activity level as outcome variables.
Results indicated that after controlling for demographic factors (i.e., age, sex, and SES), television exposure accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in teacher ratings of inattentive/hyperactive behaviors, as well as objectively measured activity level.
These findings partially replicate those from a recent, highly publicized study indicating a correlation between television exposure and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-associated behaviors. However, it remains unclear as to whether elevated levels of television viewing are the cause or result of ADHD symptoms.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Carlin Miller, Jun 12, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Alexis R. LauricellaMerrill-Palmer Quarterly 01/2010; 56:21-48. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect of computer games on increasing speed, attention and consistency of students in learning mathematics. The population of the study comprised of all first year male students of public schools of district one of Urmia City in the academic year of 2012-2013. Using multi-stage cluster sampling, at the result, one class was selected randomly to form the experimental group and other class as the control group. Toulouse – Pieron. (1986) attention test and a test of speed, endurance and mathematics achievement tests was used to assess research variables. The results indicated that computer games had a significant effect on increasing the speed and attention of the experimental group in mathematical calculations compared to the control group; however, the effect of computer games on math learning and stability of math learning was not significant. Results suggest that computer games can be used as training aid alongside teacher training.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 02/2015; 176:419-424. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.491
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ABSTRACT: Few studies have examined the benefits of regular physical activity, and risks of sedentary behaviour, in young children. This study investigated associations between participation in sports and screen-entertainment (as components of physical activity and sedentary behaviour), and emotional and behavioural problems in this population. Cross-sectional analysis of data from 13470 children (50.9% boys) participating in the nationally representative UK Millennium Cohort Study. Time spent participating in sports clubs outside of school, and using screen-entertainment, was reported by the child's mother at child age 5 years, when mental health was also measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. 45% of children did not participate in sport clubs and 61% used screen-entertainment for >/= 2 hours per day. Children who participated in sport had fewer total difficulties; emotional, conduct, hyperactivity-inattention and peer relationship problems; and more prosocial behaviours. These relationships were similar in boys and girls. Boys and girls who used screen-entertainment for any duration, and participated in sport, had fewer emotional and behavioural problems, and more prosocial behaviours, than children who used screen-entertainment for >/= 2 hours per day and did not participate in sport. Longer durations of screen-entertainment usage are not associated with mental health problems in young children. However, our findings suggest an association between sport and better mental health. Further research based on longitudinal data is required to examine causal pathways in these associations and to determine the potential role of this and other forms of physical activity in preventing mental health disorders.International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 04/2010; 7:30. DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-7-30 · 3.68 Impact Factor