Polypyrrole-based conducting polymers and interactions with biological tissues.

IRC in Biomedical Materials, Queen Mary University of London, London E14NS, UK.
Journal of The Royal Society Interface (Impact Factor: 4.91). 01/2007; 3(11):741-52. DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2006.0141
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Polypyrrole (PPy) is a conjugated polymer that displays particular electronic properties including conductivity. In biomedical applications, it is usually electrochemically generated with the incorporation of any anionic species including also negatively charged biological macromolecules such as proteins and polysaccharides to give composite materials. In biomedical research, it has mainly been assessed for its role as a reporting interface in biosensors. However, there is an increasing literature on the application of PPy as a potentially electrically addressable tissue/cell support substrate. Here, we review studies that have considered such PPy based conducting polymers in direct contact with biological tissues and conclude that due to its versatile functional properties, it could contribute to a new generation of biomaterials.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiac tissue engineering via the use of stem cells is the future for repairing impaired heart function that results from a myocardial infarction. Developing an optimised platform to support the stem cells is vital to realising this, and through utilising new ‘smart’ materials such as conductive polymers we can provide a multi-pronged approach to supporting and stimulating the stem cells via engineered surface properties, electrical, and electromechanical stimulation. Here we present a fundamental study on the viability of cardiac progenitor cells on conductive polymer surfaces, focusing on the impact of surface properties such as roughness, surface energy, and surface chemistry with variation of the polymer dopant molecules. The conductive polymer materials were shown to provide a viable support for both endothelial and cardiac progenitor cells, while the surface energy and roughness were observed to influence viability for both progenitor cell types. Characterising the interaction between the cardiac progenitor cells and the conductive polymer surface is a critical step towards optimising these materials for cardiac tissue regeneration, and this study will advance the limited knowledge on biomaterial surface interactions with cardiac cells.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 04/2014; · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conjugated polymers due to their reversible transition between the redox states are potentially able to immobilise and release ionic species. In this study, we have successfully developed a conducting polymer system based on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) for electrically triggered, local delivery of an ionic form of ibuprofen (IBU), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, and analgesic drug. It was shown that by changing the electropolymerisation conditions, the polymer matrix of specified IBU content can be synthesised. The electrochemical synthesis has been optimised to obtain the conducting matrix with the highest possible drug content. The process of electrically stimulated drug release has been extensively studied in terms of the dynamics of the controlled IBU release under varying conditions. The maximum concentration of the released IBU, 0.66 (±0.10) mM, was observed at the applied potential E = −0.5 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). It was demonstrated that the immobilisation-release procedure can be repeated several times making the PEDOT matrix promising materials for controlled drug release systems applied e.g. in neuroprosthetics.
    Journal of Materials Science 08/2014; 49(16). · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Progress in Polymer Science 01/2013; 38:1263-1286. · 26.38 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014