Percutaneous implantation of the CoreValve self-expanding valve prosthesis in high-risk patients with aortic valve disease - The Siegburg First-in-Man Study
ABSTRACT The morbidity and mortality of surgical aortic valve replacement are increased in elderly patients with multiple high-risk comorbid conditions. Therefore, a prospective, single-center, nonrandomized study was performed in high-risk patients with aortic valve disease to evaluate the feasibility and safety of percutaneous implantation of a novel self-expanding aortic valve bioprosthesis (CoreValve).
Symptomatic high-risk patients with an aortic valve area <1 cm2 were considered for enrollment. CoreValve implantation was performed under general anesthesia with extracorporeal support using the retrograde approach. Clinical follow-up and transthoracic echocardiography were performed after the procedure and at days 15 and 30 after device implantation to evaluate short-term patient and device outcomes. A total of 25 patients with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis (mean gradient before implantation, 44.2+/-10.8 mm Hg) and multiple comorbidities (median logistic EuroScore, 11.0%) were enrolled. Device success and procedural success were achieved in 22 (88%) and 21 (84%) patients, respectively. Successful device implantation resulted in a marked reduction in the aortic valve gradients (mean gradient after implantation, 12.4+/-3.0 mm Hg; P<0.0001). The mean aortic regurgitation grade was unchanged. Major in-hospital cardiovascular and cerebral events occurred in 8 patients (32%), including mortality in 5 patients (20%). Among 18 patients with device success surviving to discharge, no adverse events occurred within 30 days after leaving the hospital.
Percutaneous implantation of the self-expanding CoreValve aortic valve prosthesis in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis with or without aortic regurgitation is feasible and, when successful, results in marked hemodynamic and clinical improvement.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a proven alternative to open heart surgery in elderly patients. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is known as a significant risk factor in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement. However, the prognostic impact of PH in high-risk patients undergoing TAVI is still unknown. The aim of this study was to gain more insight in the clinical outcome and mortality of patients with PH after TAVI.Clinical Research in Cardiology 11/2014; 104(2). DOI:10.1007/s00392-014-0772-5 · 4.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transaortic valve implantation (TAVI) has a well-established position in the treatment of high-risk and inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The TAVI protocol requires a pre-dilatation for native valve preparation. To assess the safety and feasibility of TAVI without pre-dilatation and to compare it with the procedure with pre-dilatation. Out of 101 TAVI patients, in 10 the procedure was performed without balloon predilatation, and 8 patients were included in the analysis. The procedural, echocardiographic, and clinical outcomes were compared with a case control matched cohort (1: 2 ratio). A 12-month follow-up was done in all cases. The procedure was successfully completed in all patients in the study group (SG), but there was one procedural failure in the control group (CG). All patients received a CoreValve (Medtronic) bioprosthesis. There was a significant immediate decrease in transvalvular gradients (TG) in both study arms after the procedure (SG: mean TG: from 46.0 ±14.0 mm Hg to 10.0 ±4.8 mm Hg, p < 0.001; CG: mean TG: from 55.9 ±12.0 mm Hg to 9.9 ±2.9 mm Hg, p < 0.001). A marked increase in the effective orifice areas was observed in both cohorts (SG: 1.63 ±0.13 cm(2) and CG: 1.67 ±0.25 cm(2), p = 0.75). The periprocedural complication rate was equally distributed in both arms. The 12-month all-cause mortality was 12.5% in both groups. The direct TAVI approach seams to be safe and feasible. The clinical and echocardiographic results are not different from those achieved in patients treated with standard TAVI protocol with pre-dilatation.Postepy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej / Advances in Interventional Cardiology 12/2014; 10(4):250-257. DOI:10.5114/pwki.2014.46766 · 0.07 Impact Factor
Circulation 12/2014; 130(25):2321-31. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.008144 · 14.95 Impact Factor