Stereochemical control in the reduction of 2-chromanols.
ABSTRACT [reaction: see text] Reduction of C5-substituted 2-hydroxychromans selectively provides 2,4-cis-chromans using large silane reductants and 2,4-trans-chromans using the smaller silane PhSiH(3). The stereochemical outcome has been rationalized on the basis of a Curtin-Hammett kinetic situation arising from hydride delivery to two different conformations of an intermediate oxocarbenium ion. This method provides a powerful way to control the relative stereochemistry of these substructures which are prevalent in bioactive natural products.
Article: Atropisomeric myristinins: selective COX-2 inhibitors and antifungal agents from Myristica cinnamomea.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The first naturally occurring atropisomeric flavans, myristinins B (2), C (2a), E (4), and F (4a), together with their corresponding trans-isomers, myristinins A (1) and D (3), were isolated from the CH(2)Cl(2) extract of Myristica cinnamomea fruits. Compounds 1, the mixture of 2 and 2a, and the mixture of 4 and 4a, exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans with IC(50) values ranging from 5.9 to 8.8 microg/mL, and they selectively inhibited the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2).The Journal of Organic Chemistry 09/2002; 67(16):5470-5. · 4.45 Impact Factor
Article: (+)-Myristinins A and D from Knema elegans, which inhibit DNA polymerase beta and cleave DNA.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A survey of crude plant extracts for DNA polymerase beta inhibitors resulted in the identification of a methyl ethyl ketone extract prepared from Knema elegans that strongly inhibited the enzyme. Subsequent bioassay-guided fractionation of the extract, using an assay to monitor the activity of DNA polymerase beta, led to the isolation of two potent inhibitors, (+)-myristinins A (1) and D (2), which are known flavans having unusual structures. (+)-Myristinins A and D exhibited IC50 values of 12 and 4.3 microM, respectively, as inhibitors of DNA polymerase beta in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA), and 2.7 and 1.2 microM in the absence of BSA. As such, they are the most potent DNA polymerase beta inhibitors reported to date. Compounds 1 and 2 potentiated the cytotoxicity of bleomycin toward cultured P388D1 cells, reducing the number of viable cells by at least 30% when employed at 9 microM concentration for 6 h in the presence of an otherwise nontoxic concentration of bleomycin (75 nM). Principles 1 and 2 also induced strong Cu2+-dependent DNA strand scission in a DNA cleavage assay. Accordingly, 1 and 2 exhibit two activities, namely, DNA polymerase beta inhibition and DNA damage.Journal of Natural Products 12/2005; 68(11):1625-8. · 3.13 Impact Factor