MLN120B, a Novel IκB Kinase β Inhibitor, Blocks Multiple Myeloma Cell Growth In vitro and In vivo

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Clinical Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 8.72). 11/2006; 12(19):5887-94. DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-2501
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study is to delineate the biological significance of IkappaB kinase (IKK) beta inhibition in multiple myeloma cells in the context of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) using a novel IKKbeta inhibitor MLN120B.
Growth-inhibitory effect of MLN120B in multiple myeloma cells in the presence of cytokines [interleukin-6 (IL-6) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1)], conventional agents (dexamethasone, melphalan, and doxorubicin), or BMSC was assessed in vitro. In vivo anti-multiple myeloma activity of MLN120B was evaluated in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID)-hu model.
MLN120B inhibits both baseline and tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activation, associated with down-regulation of IkappaBalpha and p65 nuclear factor-kappaB phosphorylation. MLN120B triggers 25% to 90% growth inhibition in a dose-dependent fashion in multiple myeloma cell lines and significantly augments tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced cytotoxicity in MM.1S cells. MLN120B augments growth inhibition triggered by doxorubicin and melphalan in both RPMI 8226 and IL-6-dependent INA6 cell lines. Neither IL-6 nor IGF-1 overcomes the growth-inhibitory effect of MLN120B. MLN120B inhibits constitutive IL-6 secretion by BMSCs by 70% to 80% without affecting viability. Importantly, MLN120B almost completely blocks stimulation of MM.1S, U266, and INA6 cell growth, as well as IL-6 secretion from BMSCs, induced by multiple myeloma cell adherence to BMSCs. MLN120B overcomes the protective effect of BMSCs against conventional (dexamethasone) therapy.
Our data show that the novel IKKbeta inhibitor MLN120B induces growth inhibition of multiple myeloma cells in SCID-hu mouse model. These studies provide the framework for clinical evaluation of MLN120B, alone and in combined therapies, trials of these novel agents to improve patient outcome in multiple myeloma.

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    • "Therefore, NFí µí¼…B activation in BMSCs enhances positive loop with adherent multiple myeloma cells by secretion of growth factors such as IL-6, TNFí µí»¼, and HGF. Therefore, there are numerous studies targeting NF-í µí¼…B pathway using inhibitors to suppress tumor progression [26] [27] [28]. Among the three compounds that inhibit NF-í µí¼…B pathway, our data showed that only TPCK suppressed IL-6 secretion remarkably from multiple myeloma cells as well as BMSCs. "
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    ABSTRACT: IL-6 and TNF α were significantly increased in the bone marrow aspirate samples of patients with active multiple myeloma (MM) compared to those of normal controls. Furthermore, MM patients with advanced aggressive disease had significantly higher levels of IL-6 and TNF α than those with MM in plateau phase. TNF α increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) production from MM cells. However, the detailed mechanisms involved in signaling pathways by which TNF α promotes IL-6 secretion from MM cells are largely unknown. In our study, we found that TNF α treatments induce MEK and AKT phosphorylation. TNF α -stimulated IL-6 production was abolished by inhibition of JAK2 and IKK β or by small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TNF receptors (TNFR) but not by MEK, p38, and PI3K inhibitors. Also, TNF α increased phosphorylation of STAT3 (ser727) including c-Myc and cyclin D1. Three different types of JAK inhibitors decreased the activation of the previously mentioned pathways. In conclusion, blockage of JAK/STAT-mediated NF- κ B activation was highly effective in controlling the growth of MM cells and, consequently, an inhibitor of TNF α -mediated IL-6 secretion would be a potential new therapeutic agent for patients with multiple myeloma.
    BioMed Research International 09/2013; 2013:580135. DOI:10.1155/2013/580135 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    • "The proposed 10 hallmarks listed in Table 1 provide a framework for understanding cancer biology and therapeutic targets, and offer an effective way to organize and describe MM biology and therapeutic targets. For example, because nuclear factor κB (NFκB) activation in MM cells results in proliferative signaling and resistance to cell death, targeting the NFκB pathway is a promising therapeutic strategy in MM.(3,14) The concept of specific molecular targeting has been applied to the development of cancer therapies, and the two main approaches discussed here are the use of small-molecule agents and the use of therapeutic mAbs.(7) "
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, intensive laboratory and preclinical studies have identified and validated therapeutic molecular targets in multiple myeloma (MM). The introduction of novel agents such as the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the immunomodulatory drugs thalidomide and lenalidomide, which were rapidly translated from preclinical studies at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute into clinical trials, has changed the treatment paradigm and markedly extended overall survival; MM has therefore become a remarkable example of translational cancer research in new drug development. In this article, with the aim of determining the key factors underlying success in translational research, we focus on our studies of MM at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute as well as at our institutes. The identification of these key factors will help to promote translational cancer research not only in MM but also in other hematologic malignancies and solid tumors, to develop novel therapies, to overcome drug resistance, and to thereby improve the prognosis of cancer patients. (Cancer Sci, doi: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2012.02384.x, 2012).
    Cancer Science 07/2012; 103(11). DOI:10.1111/j.1349-7006.2012.02384.x · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    • "Although much is known about individual genes and signaling pathways that are activated in MM cells, the interplay and connections between these genes and pathways that drive MM development are not well understood. Many MM cell lines have constitutively nuclear NF-κB activity and are sensitive to inhibitors of NF-κB signalling [14-16]. Recent studies have also shown that approximately 40% of MM cell lines and 17% of primary MM tumors have mutations in genes encoding regulators and effectors of NF-κB signaling, which result primarily in constitutive activation of the NF-κB2 pathway [6,17]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal NF-κB2 activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma, a cancer of plasma cells. However, a causal role for aberrant NF-κB2 signaling in the development of plasma cell tumors has not been established. Also unclear is the molecular mechanism that drives the tumorigenic process. We investigated these questions by using a transgenic mouse model with lymphocyte-targeted expression of p80HT, a lymphoma-associated NF-κB2 mutant, and human multiple myeloma cell lines. We conducted a detailed histopathological characterization of lymphomas developed in p80HT transgenic mice and microarray gene expression profiling of p80HT B cells with the goal of identifying genes that drive plasma cell tumor development. We further verified the significance of our findings in human multiple myeloma cell lines. Approximately 40% of p80HT mice showed elevated levels of monoclonal immunoglobulin (M-protein) in the serum and developed plasma cell tumors. Some of these mice displayed key features of human multiple myeloma with accumulation of plasma cells in the bone marrow, osteolytic bone lesions and/or diffuse osteoporosis. Gene expression profiling of B cells from M-protein-positive p80HT mice revealed aberrant expression of genes known to be important in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma, including cyclin D1, cyclin D2, Blimp1, survivin, IL-10 and IL-15. In vitro assays demonstrated a critical role of Stat3, a key downstream component of IL-10 signaling, in the survival of human multiple myeloma cells. These findings provide a mouse model for human multiple myeloma with aberrant NF-κB2 activation and suggest a molecular mechanism for NF-κB2 signaling in the pathogenesis of plasma cell tumors by coordinated regulation of plasma cell generation, proliferation and survival.
    BMC Cancer 05/2012; 12(1):203. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-12-203 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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