Gemcitabine and cisplatin as induction chemotherapy for patients with unresectable Stage IIIA-bulky N2 and Stage IIIB nonsmall cell lung carcinoma: an Italian Lung Cancer Project Observational Study.
ABSTRACT The objective of this trial was to evaluate the activity and safety of one of the newer platinum-based doublets as a neoadjuvant regimen in patients with unresectable Stage IIIA-bulky N2 and Stage IIIB nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC).
From June 1996 to April 2000, 129 consecutive patients with locally advanced NSCLC were treated with gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m(2) on Days 1 and 8 and cisplatin, 70 mg/m(2) on Day 2 (GC) of a 21-day treatment cycle, for 4 cycles, as part of a combined-modality approach.
After induction chemotherapy, 80 patients (62%; 95% confidence interval, 53.6-70.4%) achieved a partial response, 43 patients (33%) had stable disease, and 6 patients (5%) had disease progression during chemotherapy. Forty patients (31%), were considered resectable and underwent thoracotomy. Complete resectability was obtained in 38 patients (29%), with 2% of patients achieving a pathologic complete response. After surgery, 9 patients with Mountain Classification Stage IIIA NSCLC and 9 patients with Stage IIIB NSCLC received definitive adjuvant radiotherapy. Forty-six of 52 patients with Stage IIIB disease and 24 of 37 patients with Stage IIIA disease who were not considered suitable for surgery received definitive radiotherapy. The median time to disease progression was 11.4 months, the median survival was 19.4 months (range, 1.2-55.2 + months), and the 1-year survival rate was 74%. The lungs (33%) and the brain (21%) were the main sites of recurrence. Major toxicity was comprised of Grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia, which occurred in 34 patients (27%).
GC administered according to a 3-week schedule was a highly active and safe regimen in patients with primary, unresectable, locally advanced NSCLC.
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ABSTRACT: The role of new cytotoxic agents like gemcitabine has not yet been proven in the neoadjuvant settings. We designed a phase II study to test the feasibility of using gemcitabine and cisplatin before local treatment for stage III non-small cell lung cancer patients. Patients received three cycles of induction chemotherapy of gemcitabine (1000 mg m(-2), days 1, 8, 15) and cisplatin (90 mg m(-2), day 15) every 4 weeks before evaluation for operability. Operable patients underwent radical resection. Inoperable patients and patients who had incomplete resection received concurrent chemoradiotherapy with daily low dose cisplatin. All patients who did not progress after local treatment received three more cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy of gemcitabine and cisplatin. Fifty-two patients received induction treatment. Two patients had complete response and 31 patients had partial response (response rate 63.5%) after induction chemotherapy. Thirty-six patients (69%) were operable. Eighteen patients (35%) had their tumours completely resected. Two patients had pathological complete response. Median overall survival was 19.1 months, projected 1-year survival was 66% and 2-year survival was 34%. Three cycles of gemcitabine and cisplatin is effective and can be used as induction treatment before surgery for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients.British Journal of Cancer 02/2002; 86(2):190-5. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) with mitomycin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (MIC) chemotherapy in patients with stage IIIB (limited to T4 for pleural effusion and N3 for supraclavicular lymph nodes) or stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The end points were the evaluation of quality of life (QoL), response rates, survival, and toxicity. Three hundred seven patients were randomized to receive either gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15 plus cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) on day 2, every 28 days, or mitomycin 6 mg/m(2), ifosfamide 3,000 mg/m(2), and mesna on day 1 plus cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) on day 2, every 28 days. The whole-blood cell count was repeated on day 1 in both arms and weekly in the GC arm before each gemcitabine administration. No major differences in changes in QoL were observed between the two treatment arms. The objective response rate was 38% in the GC arm compared with 26% in the MIC arm (P =.029). The median survival time was 8.6 months in the GC arm and 9.6 months in the MIC arm (P =.877, log-rank test). Grade 3 and 4 thrombocytopenia was significantly worse in the GC arm (64% v 28%, P <.001), whereas grade 3 and 4 alopecia was reported more commonly in the MIC arm (39% v 12%, P <. 001). We report an increased response rate without changes in QoL and a similar overall survival, time to progression, and time to treatment failure for the GC when compared with the MIC regimen in the treatment of advanced NSCLC.Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/1999; 17(11):3522-30. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the feasibility of concurrent chemotherapy and irradiation (chemoRT) followed by surgery in locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a cooperative group setting, and to estimate response, resection rates, relapse patterns, and survival for stage subsets IIIA(N2) versus IIIB. Biopsy proof of either positive N2 nodes (IIIAN2) or of N3 nodes or T4 primary lesions (IIIB) was required. Induction was two cycles of cisplatin and etoposide plus concurrent chest RT to 45 Gy. Resection was attempted if response or stable disease occurred. A chemoRT boost was given if either unresectable disease or positive margins or nodes was found. The median follow-up time for 126 eligible patients [75 stage IIIA(N2) and 51 IIIB] was 2.4 years. The objective response rate to induction was 59%, and 29% were stable. Resectability was 85% for the IIIA(N2) group eligible for surgery and 80% for the IIIB group. Reversible grade 4 toxicity occurred in 13% of patients. There were 13 treatment-related deaths (10%) and 19 others (15%) died of causes not related to toxicity or tumor. Of 65 relapses, 11% were only locoregional and 61% were only distant. There were 26 brain relapses, of which 19 were the sole site or cause of death. There was no survival difference (P = .81) between stage IIIA(N2) versus stage IIIB (median survivals, 13 and 17 months; 2-year survival rates, 37% and 39%; 3-year survival rates, 27% and 24%). The strongest predictor of long-term survival after thoracotomy was absence of tumor in the mediastinal nodes at surgery (median survivals, 30 v 10 months; 3-year survival rates, 44% v 18%; P = .0005). This trimodality approach was feasible in this Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) study, with an encouraging 26% 3-year survival rate. An Intergroup study is currently being conducted to determine whether surgery adds more to the risk or to the benefit of chemoRT.Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/1995; 13(8):1880-92. · 18.04 Impact Factor