Influence of high homocysteine and low folate plasmatic levels in medium-term prognosis after acute coronary syndromes

Cardiology Department, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, School of Medicine, University of Malaga, Spain.
International journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 6.18). 05/2007; 118(2):220-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.06.053
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To test prospectively whether moderate hyperhomocysteinemia and low folate levels could have an influence in the prognosis of 155 patients who presented with an acute coronary syndrome.
After a mean follow-up of 13.4+/-7.4 months, patients with low folate levels had higher percentages of cardiovascular death and major cardiovascular events (33% vs. 5%, p<0.001; 44% vs. 22%, p<0.05) and patients with high homocysteine levels had a higher percentage of major cardiovascular events (31% vs. 14.5%, p<0.03). Kaplan-Meier survival estimates analysis showed that patients with low folate levels had a significantly higher probability of cardiovascular death and lower free-of-events survival (log rank statistic: 21.17, p<0.001 and 6.59, p=0.01). Patients with high homocysteine levels had a lower free-of-events survival (log rank statistic: 4.95, p=0.02). Different survival multivariate analysis model showed that the presence of low folate levels was an independent predictor of cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 8.85, 95% confidence interval 2.6-29.3, p<0.000) and high homocysteine levels was identified as independent predictor of major cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 2.34, 95% confidence interval 1.07-5.12, p<0.03).
Low folate levels and moderate hyperhomocysteinemia were identified as independent predictors of cardiovascular events in the follow-up.

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