Influence of high homocysteine and low folate plasmatic levels in medium-term prognosis after acute coronary syndromes.
ABSTRACT To test prospectively whether moderate hyperhomocysteinemia and low folate levels could have an influence in the prognosis of 155 patients who presented with an acute coronary syndrome.
After a mean follow-up of 13.4+/-7.4 months, patients with low folate levels had higher percentages of cardiovascular death and major cardiovascular events (33% vs. 5%, p<0.001; 44% vs. 22%, p<0.05) and patients with high homocysteine levels had a higher percentage of major cardiovascular events (31% vs. 14.5%, p<0.03). Kaplan-Meier survival estimates analysis showed that patients with low folate levels had a significantly higher probability of cardiovascular death and lower free-of-events survival (log rank statistic: 21.17, p<0.001 and 6.59, p=0.01). Patients with high homocysteine levels had a lower free-of-events survival (log rank statistic: 4.95, p=0.02). Different survival multivariate analysis model showed that the presence of low folate levels was an independent predictor of cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 8.85, 95% confidence interval 2.6-29.3, p<0.000) and high homocysteine levels was identified as independent predictor of major cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 2.34, 95% confidence interval 1.07-5.12, p<0.03).
Low folate levels and moderate hyperhomocysteinemia were identified as independent predictors of cardiovascular events in the follow-up.
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ABSTRACT: Hyperhomocysteinemia is known to be an independent risk factor for arteriosclerosis. However, the prognosis of functional disability in cerebrovascular disease has not been well established. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine the prognostic significance of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels in Asian patients with functional disabilities after acute ischemic stroke. A total of 267 patients were examined within 24 h after symptom onset. Hcy was measured at admission. The correlations between plasma Hcy concentration and functional disability at 1-month, 3-months, 6-months, and 12-months after stroke onset were analyzed. In addition, the associations between each risk factor for stroke or neurological severity and plasma Hcy level were evaluated. The results of the present study showed that there was no significant correlation between Hcy level on admission and modified Rankin Scale score obtained at 1-month, 3-months, 6-months, and 12-months after stroke onset. There was also no association between plasma Hcy level and neurological severity after stroke or stroke subtype. This study showed that there is no association between Hcy levels and functional outcome after stroke. Therefore, we cautiously assert that plasma Hcy levels have no value as predictors of functional disability in Asian patients with stroke.Journal of the Neurological Sciences 01/2009; 278(1-2):60-3. · 2.26 Impact Factor