Preoperative serum YKL-40 is a marker for detection and prognosis of endometrial cancer.
ABSTRACT YKL-40 is a secreted glycoprotein of the chitinase family that has been previously described as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for a number of cancers, including epithelial ovarian cancer. In this study, we examined the frequency of serum elevation as well as the diagnostic and prognostic significance of this serum marker in endometrial cancer.
Preoperative serum levels of YKL-40 and CA125 were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for all endometrial cancer patient samples (34) available in the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Gynecology Service Tissue Bank between the years 1987 and 2002, and compared to a cohort of normal individuals. A YKL-40 value of 61 ng/mL has previously been determined to represent the upper limit of normal. YKL-40 values were correlated with clinical characteristics, including patient age, tumor grade, histology, clinical stage, and clinical outcome (progression-free survival [PFS] and overall survival [OS]).
YKL-40 was elevated (>61 ng/mL) in 26 (76%) of 34 endometrial cancer patients compared with elevations of CA125 in 21 (62%) of 34 patients (P=0.09). Twenty-eight (82%) of all 34 patients had elevations of either CA125 or YKL-40 or both; 16 (89%) of 18 advanced-stage endometrial cancer patients had elevation of at least one of these two markers. Median preoperative YKL-40 value was 137 ng/mL (range, 22-1738 ng/mL) for endometrial cancer patients compared with 28 ng/mL (range, 15-72 ng/mL) for normal healthy subjects (P<0.0001). There was no statistically significant association of YKL-40 with patient age, tumor grade, histology, or stage. Elevation of YKL-40 (>80 ng/mL) was correlated with poor clinical outcome in univariate analysis, but was not demonstrated in multivariate analysis. At 5 years' follow-up, the PFS rate was 80% for patients with YKL-40<80 ng/mL compared with 43% for patients with YKL-40>80 ng/mL (P=0.004). The 5-year OS rate for patients with YKL-40<80 ng/mL was 79% compared with 48% for patients with YKL-40>80 ng/mL (P=0.047).
Preoperative serum YKL-40 is frequently elevated and may represent a novel marker for the detection of endometrial cancer and the identification of high-risk subsets of patients with worse clinical outcome. Further investigation of this promising endometrial cancer marker in larger studies is warranted.
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ABSTRACT: Elevated serum YKL-40 levels have been observed in various cancers. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of serum YKL-40 alone or in combination with the CEA, CYFRA21-1 and SCCA tumor markers for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).BMC Cancer 07/2014; 14(1):490. · 3.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: YKL-40 is a 40 kDa glycoprotein produced by cancer cells, inflammatory cells and stem cells. It probably has a role in cell proliferation and differentiation, inflammation, protection against apoptosis, stimulation of angiogenesis, and regulation of extracellular tissue remodelling. Plasma levels of YKL-40 are often elevated in patients with localized or advanced cancer compared to age-matched healthy subjects. Several studies have demonstrated that high plasma YKL-40 is an independent prognostic biomarker of short survival in patients with different types of cancer. However, there is not yet sufficient data to support determination of plasma YKL-40 outside research projects as a biomarker for screening of gastrointestinal cancer and determination of treatment response and poor prognosis before or during treatment and follow-up. Plasma YKL-40 is also elevated in patients with other diseases than cancer, e.g., severe infections, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, asthma, liver fibrosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Co-morbidity should therefore always be considered in patients with cancer, since other sources than cancer cells can increase plasma YKL-40 levels. Future focused translational research projects combining basic and clinical research are needed in a joint effort to answer questions of the complex function and regulation of YKL-40 and the question if plasma YKL-40 is a clinical useful biomarker in patients with cancer.Cancers. 09/2010; 2(3):1453-1491.
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ABSTRACT: Elevated serum levels of a glycoprotein known as chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) have been correlated with poor prognosis and shorter survival of patients with cancer and inflammatory diseases. The biological and physiological functions of CHI3L1 in cancer have not yet been completely elucidated. In this review, we describe the role of CHI3L1 in inducing pro-inflammatory/pro-tumorigenic and angiogenic factors that could promote tumor growth and metastasis.Immunologic Research 11/2013; · 3.53 Impact Factor