Results from one of the largest clinical trial programmes to date of a dopamine agonist in patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS) have demonstrated that ropinirole, 0.25-4.0 mg once daily 1-3 hours before bedtime, is associated with significant improvements in RLS symptoms, sleep parameters and quality-of-life measures, compared with placebo. Analyses were conducted in a subpopulation of patients with a baseline score on the International Restless Legs Scale (IRLS) of at least 24 points.
Data was pooled from four, 12-week, pivotal studies: RESET PLM and TREAT RLS 1, 2 and US.
Covariate analysis demonstrated that the magnitude of treatment difference between ropinirole and placebo for change in IRLS total score (a measure of RLS symptom severity) increased with increasing baseline IRLS total score. Mean treatment difference was > 3 points in patients with a baseline total score > or = 24. Among this population, ropinirole treatment was associated with significant reduction in RLS symptom severity compared with placebo, along with significant improvements in global symptoms and sleep measures. A treatment benefit was also observed for measures of quality of life. Ropinirole is well tolerated in this patient population.
Patients with primary RLS and baseline IRLS total score > or = 24 gain clinically meaningful benefits from ropinirole treatment. As with the overall population in the ropinirole clinical trial programme, ropinirole was associated with improvements in RLS symptoms, global symptoms, sleep and quality of life and was well tolerated in patients with a baseline IRLS total score > or = 24.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The European Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) Study Group (EURLSSG) is an association of European RLS experts who are actively involved in RLS research. A major aim of the Study Group is the development and continuous improvement of standards for diagnosis and treatment of RLS. Several members developed study designs and evaluation methods in investigator-initiated trials early in the 1990s, and all members have since contributed to many pivotal and nonpivotal drug trials for the treatment of RLS. The recommendations on clinical investigations of pharmacological treatment of RLS patients summarize the group's expertise and knowledge acquired through clinical trials. The recommendations primarily address how to plan and conduct confirmatory, randomized clinical studies in patients with idiopathic RLS. Advice is presented for the diagnosis of RLS and clinical and polysomnographic inclusion and exclusion criteria. Primary and secondary endpoints for an evaluation of efficacy are based on a critical description of validated methods for both short- and long-term trials, also in special populations (children, pregnant women, elderly patients). The recommendations include the assessment of augmentation. Finally, general issues including the evaluation of safety and tolerability, as well as specific neurological and cardiovascular risks and sleep attacks/daytime somnolence, are discussed. The aim of these recommendations is to support research groups or pharmaceutical companies in the design of optimized study protocols.
Movement Disorders 01/2007; 22 Suppl 18:S495-504. · 5.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: RLS is a common disorder which has an important impact on the health and quality of life of patients, with the main consequences being sleep-related. Special attention needs to be paid to patients with depression. The diagnosis of RLS is based on medical history and clinical examination. The most important laboratory examination is measurement of serum ferritin which should be >40 microg/L. The presence of all four essential diagnostic criteria confirms the RLS diagnosis. To detect secondary forms, a clinical examination and laboratory investigations, especially measuring serum ferritin are required. Augmentation is a problem for some patients, especially those being treated with levodopa. However, augmentation can be controlled by using the lowest possible doses of nonergoline dopamine agonists or by using opioids, gabapentin or anti-epileptics.
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