3D conformal external beam radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI): What is the correct prescription dose
ABSTRACT This study is an evaluation of the biologic equivalence of the dose prescriptions for brachytherapy and 3-dimensional conformal external beam radiotherapy (3D-CRT) accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI), using actual patient dose matrix data, and is based on the concept of equivalent uniform biologically effective dose (EUBED). This formalism allows a nonuniform dose distribution to be reduced to an equivalent uniform dose, while also accounting for fraction size.
Five computed tomography scans were selected from a group of patients treated with multicatheter interstitial APBI. Dose matrices for the brachytherapy plans were computed and analyzed with in-house software. For each patient, the EUBED for the brachytherapy dose matrix was generated based on calculations performed at the voxel-level. These EUBED values were then used to calculate the biologically equivalent fraction size for 3D-CRT (eud).
The mean equivalent fraction size (eudmean) and maximum equivalent fraction size (eudmax) were calculated for each patient using 100 different values of the alpha/beta ratio. The eudmean ranged from 3.67 to 3.69 Gy, while the eudmax ranged from 3.79 to 3.82 Gy. For all values of the alpha/beta ratio, the maximum fraction size calculated to deliver a biologically equivalent dose with 3D-CRT was 3.82 Gy, with an equivalent total prescription dose of 38.2 Gy.
Utilizing a wide range of established radiobiological parameters, this study suggests that the maximum fraction size needed to deliver a biologically equivalent dose using 3D-CRT is 3.82 Gy, supporting the continued use of 3.85Gy BID in the current national cooperative trial.
Conference Paper: Radial ion flows in a vacuum-arc plasma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Plasma, generated by vacuum-arc discharge with titanium cathode at Ar and N<sub>2</sub> presence, has been investigated using a quadruple RF mass spectrometer and multigrid electrostatic probe. Metal and gas ions radial flows intensities and their energies depending on discharge current and gas pressure has been investigated. It is defined that gas ions created by interaction between primary erosion metal plasma flow and gas target motion mainly in the radial direction as a result of particles dispersion on the large angles, which is characteristic to recharging processesDischarges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum, 1996. Proceedings. ISDEIV., XVIIth International Symposium on; 08/1996
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ABSTRACT: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) is being studied in a phase III randomized trial as an alternative to whole breast irradiation (WBI) for early stage breast cancer patients. There are three methods for APBI: multi-catheter brachytherapy (MCT), MammoSite brachytherapy (MST), or 3D conformal (3DCRT). There is a paucity of data comparing among methods. Using a linear-quadratic (LQ) model, we evaluated the anticipated efficacy among the APBI methods for equivalent uniform dose (EUD), Tumor Control Probability (TCP), and Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP). Treatment plans from five patients treated by each APBI modality were retrospectively selected. Dose-volume-histograms (DVH) for planning target volume (PTV), breast, and lung were generated. The LQ parameters alpha=0.3Gy(-1) and alpha/beta=10Gy were used for calculations. The values of EUD, TCP, and NTCP were calculated based on DVHs. The average EUD (normalized to 3.4Gy BID) for the MCT, MST, and 3DCRT APBI was 35, 37.2, and 37.6Gy. When normalized to 2Gy fractionation these become, 42.2, 46.4, and 46.9Gy. Average TCP for MCT, MST, and 3DCRT PBI was 94.8%, 99.1%, and 99.2%. The NTCP values for breast and lung were low for all three methods. The EUD for PTV and TCP were most similar in MST and 3DCRT APBI and were lower in MCT APBI. This questions the equivalence of the three APBI modalities that are currently being evaluated in the NSABP-B39/RTOG 0413 protocol.Radiotherapy and Oncology 10/2007; 84(3):226-32. DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2007.07.004 · 4.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present our ongoing clinical experience utilizing three-dimensional (3D)-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy. Ninety-one consecutive patients were treated with APBI using our previously reported 3D-CRT technique. The clinical target volume consisted of the lumpectomy cavity plus a 10- to 15 -mm margin. The prescribed dose was 34 or 38.5 Gy in 10 fractions given over 5 consecutive days. The median follow-up was 24 months. Twelve patients have been followed for > or =4 years, 20 for > or =3.5 years, 29 for >3.0 years, 33 for > or =2.5 years, and 46 for > or =2.0 years. No local recurrences developed. Cosmetic results were rated as good/excellent in 100% of evaluable patients at > or = 6 months (n = 47), 93% at 1 year (n = 43), 91% at 2 years (n = 21), and in 90% at > or =3 years (n = 10). Erythema, hyperpigmentation, breast edema, breast pain, telangiectasias, fibrosis, and fat necrosis were evaluated at 6, 24, and 36 months after treatment. All factors stabilized by 3 years posttreatment with grade I or II rates of 0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 9%, 18%, and 9%, respectively. Only 2 patients (3%) developed grade III toxicity (breast pain), which resolved with time. Delivery of APBI with 3D-CRT resulted in minimal chronic (> or =6 months) toxicity to date with good/excellent cosmetic results. Additional follow-up is needed to assess the long-term efficacy of this form of APBI.International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 12/2007; 69(4):1124-30. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.04.033 · 4.18 Impact Factor