Article

Model System for a One-Dimensional Magnetic Photonic Crystal

Institut für Nanotechnologie, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.51). 09/2006; 97(8):083902. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.083902
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We fabricate and characterize one-dimensional magnetic (rather than dielectric) photonic crystals for the first time. Our model system is a one-dimensional periodic lattice of gold-wire pairs. Each pair can be viewed as a magnetic coil with two slits and represents a "magnetic atom." Strong coupling between the resulting magnetic-dipole resonance and the Bragg resonance is accomplished by an adjacent dielectric slab waveguide, giving rise to an avoided crossing at near-infrared wavelengths. Our experimental findings are in excellent agreement with theory.

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    • "Consequently, TE band becomes wider than TM one at oblique incidence. On the contrary, TM band can be wider than TE one in a 1D magnetic PC [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] as long as the permeability (the larger one between 1 and 2 ) are lager than the permittivity (the larger one between ε 1 and ε 2 ). It can be understood from the symmetry of Maxwell equations in electric and magnetic vectors [18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Three kinds of band-pass filters (BPFs), termed a TE BPF, a TM BPF and a BPF at oblique incidence, are designed by crossing the band edges of two different one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystals (PCs). The TE BPF, fulfilling the function of high reflectivity for p-polarization and high transmittance in a narrow pass-band for s-polarization, is constructed by two subPCs, one of which is obtained by decreasing the lattice constant of the other one while the other parameters keep the same. The TM BPF also comprises two subPCs, but the materials of one subPC are quite different with those of the other one. Similarly, the BPF at oblique incidence, from which both polarization waves can transmit in a narrow pass-band at oblique incidence, is composed of two different subPCs. Note that, the distribution of the wave impedance of material in each BPF should be periodic to prevent unexpected defect modes. The new filters not only provide narrow pass-bands and wide non-transmission bands, but also have simple structures. This is a result of the fact that the wave impedance ratio between composites is enlarged by introducing magnetic materials. The new designs have potential applications in optical filters and optical integrated circuits.
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    • "As a result, the supported localized plasmon mode is strongly redshifted in comparison to the sole resonance of the bare grating (dashed lines in Fig. 4). Note that the periodic arrangement of individual magnetic atoms can be interpreted in terms of a so-called one-dimensional magnetic photonic crystal (Linden et al., 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: We numerically study near-field-induced coupling effects in metal nanowire-based composite nanostructures. Our multi-layer system is composed of individual gold nanowires supporting localized particle plasmons at optical wavelengths, and a spatially separated homogeneous silver slab supporting delocalized surface plasmons. We show that the localized plasmon modes of the composite structure, forming so-called magnetic atoms, can be controlled over a large spectral range by changing the thickness of the nearby metal slab. The optical response of single-wire and array-based metallic structures are compared. Spectral shifts due to wire-mirror interaction as well as the coupling between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes in a magnetic photonic crystal are demonstrated. The presented effects are important for the optimization of metal-based nanodevices and may lead to the realization of metamaterials with novel plasmonic functionalities.
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    ABSTRACT: A new kind of one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystal (PC) filter is reported in this paper. This kind of a filter is a dimerlike heterostructure constructed by two 1D dielectric and magnetic PCs. Compared with traditional filters based upon 1D pure dielectric PCs, the new one has the advantage of extending the omnidirectional filtering (ODF) band and simplifying the structure due to its large wave impedance contrast between the composites and the reasonable arrangement of the layer thicknesses and the number of periods. To design such a filter, we adopted a combined method by the transmission matrix method and the decimal genetic algorithm, and finally we obtained a high-precision 1D PC filter design which not only shows a very broad relative ODF band of 1.496, but also has a simple structure with less total number of layers and less total thickness. The simplification of structure is conductive to device fabrication. Besides, an example with low dispersive and low dissipative magnetic material for microwave application is also discussed.
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