Article

Two-loop anomalous-dimension matrix for soft-gluon exchange

Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 08/2006; 97(7):072001. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.072001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The resummation of soft-gluon exchange for QCD hard scattering requires a matrix of anomalous dimensions. We compute this matrix directly for arbitrary 2-->n massless processes for the first time at two loops. Using color-generator notation, we show that it is proportional to the one-loop matrix. This result reproduces all pole terms in dimensional regularization of the explicit calculations of massless 2-->2 amplitudes in the literature, and it predicts all poles at next-to-next-to-leading order in any 2-->n process that has been computed at next-to-leading order. The proportionality of the one- and two-loop matrices makes possible the resummation in closed form of the next-to-next-to-leading logarithms and poles in dimensional regularization for the 2-->n processes.

0 Followers
 · 
95 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: I discuss the state-of-the-art knowledge of long-distance singularities in multi-leg gauge-theory scattering amplitudes and report on an on-going calculation of the three-loop soft anomalous dimension through the renormalization of correlators of semi-infinite Wilson lines. I also discuss the non-Abelian exponentiation theorem that has been recently generalised to multiple Wilson lines and demonstrate its application in computing the soft anomalous dimension. Finally, I present recent results for multiple-gluon-exchange webs and discuss their analytic structure.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: These lectures provide an introduction to Soft-Collinear Effective Theory. After discussing the expansion of Feynman diagrams around the high-energy limit, the effective Lagrangian is constructed, first for a scalar theory, then for QCD. The underlying concepts are illustrated with the Sudakov form factor, i.e. the quark vector form factor at large momentum transfer. We then apply the formalism in two examples: We perform soft gluon resummation as well as transverse-momentum resummation for the Drell-Yan process using renormalization group evolution in SCET, and we derive the infrared structure of n-point gauge theory amplitudes by relating them to effective theory operators. We conclude with an overview of the different applications of the effective theory.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Threshold logarithms become dominant in partonic cross sections when the selected final state forces gluon radiation to be soft or collinear. Such radiation factorizes at the level of scattering amplitudes, and this leads to the resummation of threshold logarithms which appear at leading power in the threshold variable. In this paper, we consider the extension of this factorization to include effects suppressed by a single power of the threshold variable. Building upon the Low-Burnett-Kroll-Del Duca (LBKD) theorem, we propose a decomposition of radiative amplitudes into universal building blocks, which contain all effects ultimately responsible for next-to-leading power (NLP) threshold logarithms in hadronic cross sections for electroweak annihilation processes. In particular, we provide a NLO evaluation of the "radiative jet function", responsible for the interference of next-to-soft and collinear effects in these cross sections. As a test, using our expression for the amplitude, we reproduce all abelian-like NLP threshold logarithms in the NNLO Drell-Yan cross section, including the interplay of real and virtual emissions. Our results are a significant step towards developing a generally applicable resummation formalism for NLP threshold effects, and illustrate the breakdown of next-to-soft theorems for gauge theory amplitudes at loop level.

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from