An experimental methodology for measuring volume changes in proton transfer reactions in aqueous solutions.
ABSTRACT A fast perturbation in proton concentration can be induced in aqueous solution using a pulsed ultraviolet laser and suitable photolabile compounds which, upon photoexcitation, irreversibly release protons. The volume change and the rate constant for the reaction of the photodetached protons with proton-accepting groups in solution can be monitored using time resolved photoacoustics. A typical proton concentration jump of 1 microM can be obtained with a 200-microJ laser pulse at 308 nm. Reaction dynamics from 20 ns to 5 micros can be easily followed. The methodology we establish represents a direct, time-resolved measurement of the reaction volume in proton transfer processes and an extension to the nanosecond-microsecond range of traditional relaxation techniques, such as stopped-flow. We report example applications to reactions involving simple molecules and polypeptides.
- SourceAvailable from: jbc.orgJournal of Biological Chemistry 10/1978; 253(17):6158-64. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pulsed-laser photoacoustics is a technique which measures photoinduced enthalpic and volumetric changes on the nano- and microsecond timescales. Analysis of photoacoustic data generally requires deconvolution for a sum of exponentials, a procedure which has been developed extensively in the field of time-resolved fluorescence decay. Initial efforts to adapt an iterative nonlinear least squares computer program, utilizing the Marquardt algorithm, from the fluorescence field to photoacoustics indicated that significant modifications were needed. The major problem arises from the wide range of transient decay times which must be addressed by the photoacoustic technique. We describe an alternative approach to numerical convolution with exponential decays, developed to overcome the problems. Instead of using an approximation method (Simpson's rule) for evaluating the convolution integral, we construct a continuous instrumental response function by quadratic fitting of the discrete data and evaluate the convolution integral directly, without approximations. The success and limitations of this quadratic-fit convolution program are then demonstrated using simulated data. Finally, the program is applied to the analysis of experimental data to compare the resolution capabilities of two commercially available transducers. The advantages of a broadband, heavily damped transducer are shown for a standard organic photochemical system, the quenching of the triplet state of benzophenone by 2,5-dimethyl-2,4-hexadiene.Biophysical Chemistry 02/1992; 42(1):29-48. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The interaction of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) with synthetic eumelanin was investigated using static and time-resolved fluorescence and pulsed photoacoustic calorimetry. Due to the strong overlap of the absorption bands of melanin and 8-MOP, a method is presented to account for the systematic errors introduced by the optical filter effect exerted by each absorbing species in the fluorescence and the photoacoustic measurements. As a preliminary step to the understanding of the nonradiative behavior of the psoralen-melanin complexes, the photoacoustic parameters of 8-MOP in various solvents were determined. Spectroscopic data indicate the absence of interaction at the ground-state level, whereas the singlet excited state of 8-MOP is quenched by the pigment; the average fluorescence lifetimes are independent of the melanin concentration, thus indicating a static quenching mechanism. The photoacoustic data show that the quenching process involves an increased intersystem crossing probability, which is almost unaffected by the presence of oxygen, as expected for a molecule essentially acting as a type I photosensitizing agent.Photochemistry and Photobiology 07/1994; 59(6):596-602. · 2.29 Impact Factor