An experimental methodology for measuring volume changes in proton transfer reactions in aqueous solutions.
ABSTRACT A fast perturbation in proton concentration can be induced in aqueous solution using a pulsed ultraviolet laser and suitable photolabile compounds which, upon photoexcitation, irreversibly release protons. The volume change and the rate constant for the reaction of the photodetached protons with proton-accepting groups in solution can be monitored using time resolved photoacoustics. A typical proton concentration jump of 1 microM can be obtained with a 200-microJ laser pulse at 308 nm. Reaction dynamics from 20 ns to 5 micros can be easily followed. The methodology we establish represents a direct, time-resolved measurement of the reaction volume in proton transfer processes and an extension to the nanosecond-microsecond range of traditional relaxation techniques, such as stopped-flow. We report example applications to reactions involving simple molecules and polypeptides.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Using 1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl sulfate (caged sulfate) as a photoactivatable caged proton, we could induce complete acid unfolding of myoglobin with a single nanosecond laser pulse. This was possible because of the high ( approximately mM) concentration of protons released by the photolabile compound. The ability of the compound to produce a large pH jump arises because the other photoproducts (2-nitrosoacetophenone and sulfate ion) do not buffer the released protons. The complete time course of the unfolding kinetics, spanning a range from milliseconds to several seconds, could be accurately reproduced by monitoring absorbance changes in the visible spectrum at 633 nm.Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 07/2006; 5(6):621-8. · 2.92 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Haem proteins have long been the most studied proteins in biophysics, and have become paradigms for the characterization of fundamental biomolecular processes as ligand binding and regulatory conformational transitions. The presence of the haem prosthetic group, the absorbance spectrum of which has a ligation sensitive region conveniently located in the UV-visible range, has offered a powerful and sensitive tool for the investigation of molecular functions. The central Fe atom is capable of reversibly binding diatomic ligands, including O(2), CO, and NO. The Fe-ligand bond is photolabile, and a reactive unligated state can be transiently generated with a pulsed laser. The photodissociated ligands quickly rebind to the haem and the process can be monitored by transient absorbance methods. The ligand rebinding kinetics reflects protein dynamics and ligand migration within the protein inner cavities. The characterization of these processes was done in the past mainly by low temperature experiments. The use of silica gels to trap proteins allows the characterization of internal ligand dynamics at room temperature. In order to show the potential of the laser flash photolysis techniques, combined with modern numerical analysis methods, we report experiments conducted on two non-symbiotic haemoglobins from Arabidopsis thaliana. The comparison between time courses recorded on haemoglobins in solution and encapsulated in silica gels allows for the highlighting of different interplays between protein dynamics and ligand migration.Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 01/2007; 5(12):1109-20. · 2.92 Impact Factor
- Angewandte Chemie International Edition 02/2005; 44(8):1195 - 1198. · 11.34 Impact Factor