Rating of internal fixation and clinical outcome in displaced femoral neck fractures: a prospective multicenter study.

Trauma Unit, Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (Impact Factor: 2.88). 02/2007; 454:207-13. DOI: 10.1097/01.blo.0000238867.15228.8d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The influence of precise surgical technique on the clinical outcome of internal fixation for displaced femoral neck fractures is an under-reported and potential confounding factor in randomized studies involving internal fixation as a treatment modality. Two experienced surgeons blindly rated internal fixation techniques on the perioperative radiographs of 102 patients selected for internal fixation in a prospective multicenter 2-year followup study. Overall technical, fracture reduction, and implant positioning ratings were given according to instruction. One or both raters assigned an inadequate overall rating in 25% of patients. There was a correlation with 2-year clinical internal fixation failure for overall technique and fracture reduction rating. Implant positioning did not correlate with 2-year internal fixation failure. Correlation increased if both raters agreed on inadequate technique. One inadequate rating indicated a problem could arise, whereas two inadequate ratings strengthened this problem likelihood. Adjudication of technique by independent rater(s) is useful, may have clinical implications, and should be performed routinely in future studies involving internal fixation in patients with displaced femoral neck fractures.

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    ABSTRACT: To conduct a systematic review and synthesize the evidence for the effects of surgical treatments for subcapital and intertrochanteric/subtrochanteric hip fractures on patient-focused outcomes for elderly patients. MEDLINE, Cochrane databases, Scirus, and, and expert consultants. We also manually searched reference lists from relevant systematic reviews. High quality quasi-experimental design studies were used to examine relationships between patient characteristics, type of fracture, and patient outcomes. Randomized controlled trials were used to examine relationships between type of surgical treatment and patient outcomes. Patient mortality was examined with Forest plots. Narrative analysis was used for pain, quality of life (QoL), and functional outcomes due to inconsistently measured and reported outcomes. Mortality does not appear to differ by device class, or by devices within a class. Nor, on the whole, do pain, functioning, and QoL. Some internal fixation devices may confer earlier return to functioning over others for some patients, but such gains are very short lived. Very limited results suggest that subcapital hip fracture patients with total hip replacements have improved patient outcomes over internal fixation, but it is unclear whether these results would continue to hold if the analyses included the full complement of relevant covariates. Age, gender, prefracture functioning, and cognitive impairment appear to be related to mortality and functional outcomes. Fracture type does not appear to be independently related to patient outcomes. Again, however, the observational literature does not include the full complement of potential covariates and it is uncertain if these results would hold. Several factors limit our ability to definitively answer the key questions posed in this study using the existing literature. Limited perspectives lead to incomplete sets of independent variables included in analyses. Specific populations are poorly defined and separated for comparative study. Fractures with widely varying biomechanical problems are often lumped together. Outcome variables are inconsistently measured and reported, making it very difficult to aggregate or even compare results. If future high quality trials continue to support the evidence that differences in devices are short term at best, within the first few weeks to few months of recovery, policy implications involve establishing the value of a shorter recovery relative to the cost of the new device. As the literature generally focuses on community dwelling elderly patients, more attention needs to be directed toward understanding implications of surgical treatment choices for the nursing home population.
    Evidence report/technology assessment 08/2009;
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    Injury Extra 06/2012; 43(6):35–36.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose - Internal fixation (IF) in femoral neck fractures has high reoperation rates and some predictors of failure are known, such as age, quality of reduction, and implant positioning. Finding new predictors of failure is an ongoing process, and in this study we evaluated the importance of low bone mineral density (BMD). Patients and methods - 140 consecutive patients (105 females, median age 80) treated with IF had a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan of the hip performed median 80 days after treatment. The patients' radiographs were evaluated for fracture displacement, implant positioning, and quality of reduction. From a questionnaire completed during admission, 2 variables for comorbidity and walking disability were chosen. Primary outcome was low hip BMD (amount of mineral matter per square centimeter of hip bone) compared to hip failure (resection, arthroplasty, or new hip fracture). A stratified Cox regression model on fracture displacement was applied and adjusted for age, sex, quality of reduction, implant positioning, comorbidity, and walking disability. Results - 49 patients had a T-score below -2.5 (standard deviation from the young normal reference mean) and 70 patients had a failure. The failure rate after 2 years was 22% (95% CI: 12-39) for the undisplaced fractures and 66% (CI: 56-76) for the displaced fractures. Cox regression showed no association between low hip BMD and failure. For the covariates, only implant positioning showed an association with failure. Interpretation - We found no statistically significant association between low hip BMD and fixation failure in femoral neck fracture patients treated with IF.
    Acta Orthopaedica 12/2013; · 2.45 Impact Factor