Manual assisted cognitive treatment for deliberate self-harm in borderline personality disorder patients
ABSTRACT This study examines the efficacy of a short-term individual therapy, Manual Assisted Cognitive Treatment (MACT), which was developed to treat parasuicidal (suicidal or self-harming) patients. In this trial, MACT was modified to focus on deliberate self-harm (DSH) in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Thirty BPD patients who were engaged in DSH while in ongoing treatments, i.e., treatment-as-usual (TAU), were randomly assigned to receive MACT (N = 15) or not. DSH and level of suicide ideation were assessed at the baseline, at completion of the MACT intervention, and six months later. Results indicated that MACT was associated with significantly less frequent DSH upon completion of the intervention and with significantly decreased DSH frequency and severity at the six months follow-up. Moreover, MACT's contribution to reducing DSH frequency and severity was greater than the contribution by the amount of concurrent treatments. In contrast, MACT did not affect the level of suicide ideation and time-to-repeat of DSH. In conclusion, MACT seems to be a promising intervention for DSH in patients with BPD. More definitive studies are needed.
- SourceAvailable from: Christopher J Hopwood[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study examined the efficacy of Manual Assisted Cognitive Therapy (MACT) as a stand-alone treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) with suicidal ideation, and piloted a Therapeutic Assessment (TA) intervention among 16 patients randomly assigned to MACT or MACT+TA. Although MACT was associated with significant reductions in BPD features and suicidal ideation, less than half of the sample completed the treatment. The TA augmentation did not improve treatment retention but it was associated with somewhat greater clinical improvement. Although findings associate MACT with symptom reduction among persisting patients, attrition rate was problematically high in the overall sample.Psychiatry Research 08/2010; 178(3):531-5. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2010.04.055 · 2.68 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent reports suggest bipolar disorder is not only under-diagnosed but may at times be over-diagnosed. Little is known about factors that increase the odds of such mistakes. The present work explores whether symptoms of borderline personality disorder increase the odds of a bipolar misdiagnosis. Psychiatric outpatients (n=610) presenting for treatment were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality for DSM-IV axis II disorders (SIDP-IV), as well as a questionnaire asking if they had ever been diagnosed with bipolar disorder by a mental health care professional. Eighty-two patients who reported having been previously diagnosed with bipolar disorder but who did not have it according to the SCID were compared to 528 patients who had never been diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Patients with borderline personality disorder had significantly greater odds of a previous bipolar misdiagnosis, but no specific borderline criterion was unique in predicting this outcome. Patients with borderline personality disorder, regardless of how they meet criteria, may be at increased risk of being misdiagnosed with bipolar disorder.Journal of Psychiatric Research 11/2009; 44(6):405-8. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.09.011 · 4.09 Impact Factor