A 65-year-old man presented with an indurated plaque over his left cheek and left neck. An initial punch biopsy of skin showing increased smooth muscle bundles was consistent with a diagnosis of smooth muscle hamartoma. A second incisional skin biopsy revealed a well-differentiated smooth muscle proliferation invading into the dermis and subcutaneous fat in a diffusely infiltrative pattern and with a desmoplastic component, suggesting a diagnosis of desmoplastic leiomyosarcoma. Resection of the tumour confirmed the presence of a cytologically low grade leiomyosarcoma with an insidious infiltrative growth pattern. This rare pattern of diffuse leiomyosarcoma is important to recognize as the histological features are subtle and may potentially constitute a pitfall in histological diagnosis in a small biopsy specimen. In addition, our case illustrates overlapping morphology between diffuse and desmoplastic types of leiomyosarcoma.
"The metastatic potential is 5 to 10 percent for the cutaneous form compared with 30 to 60 percent for the subcutaneous form6. Our case occurred on the face (1~5%)6, and although we could not find the exact cause, trauma was thought to be a possible factor. Furthermore, the lesion increased suddenly in size within 3 months, so we think that our case differs from a typical superficial leiomyosarcoma. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leiomyosarcomas are uncommon malignant smooth muscle tumors, mainly derived from vessels or viscera. Superficial leiomyosarcomas are a rare soft tissue sarcoma arising from the dermis or subcutaneous tissue in the skin. According to tumor origin and location, they are divided into cutaneous and subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma. They have distinctly different histologic and prognostic features from each other. Superficial leiomyosarcomas show a predilection for the proximal extremities and tend to be slow growing. We report one rare case of superficial cutaneous leiomyosarcoma on the right temporal area of face, which showed an extremely rapid growing mass within 3 months.
Annals of Dermatology 05/2013; 25(2):237-241. DOI:10.5021/ad.2013.25.2.237 · 1.39 Impact Factor
"However, in contrast to skin of other sites, it also contains lactiferous ducts that connect to the mammary parenchyma. Table 3 summarizes the clinical features, the treatment and outcome of primary leiomyosarcoma at the nipple-areola complex, the skin of other sites and the mammary parenchyma that reported in literature (Choy et al., 2006; Holst et al., 2002; Lonsdale and Widdison, 1992; Markaki et al., 2003; Uğraş et al., 1997). Tumors of these various sites had similar cytological and architectural characteristics. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary leiomyosarcoma of the nipple-areola complex is extremely rare. Less than ten such cases have been reported in English literature so far. Herein we describe a 52-year-old female presenting with a 1.5 cmx1.1 cmx0.7 cm nodular lesion over her left nipple, and leiomyosarcoma was proved by pathological examination of the excised specimen. Positron emitted tomogram (PET) revealed no abnormal signal other than the primary site. Microscopically, this poorly circumscribed tumor was composed of interlacing bundles of smooth muscle cells with bizarre and pleomorphic nuclei, as well as prominent nucleoli. Its mitotic count was up to 7 mitoses per 10 high power fields (HPF). Immunohistochemical study of tumor cells revealed positive stain for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin; and negative for cytokeratin, CD34 and S-100. Left simple mastectomy was undertaken and no residual mass lesion was noted on the resected specimen. Related literatures about the diagnosis and treatment for breast leiomyosarcoma will be presented here.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 03/2008; 9(2):109-13. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B0720246 · 1.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intradermal melanoma diagnosis poses a great deal of confusion on many occasions since it can mimic almost any tumour within the dermis. In part I, the different features of intraepidermal mimics were discussed. In this part, there is discussion of the clinical, cytomorphological and immunohistochemical features of intradermal mimics of melanoma and how to distinguish these conditions from melanoma. There is also a description of the ultrastructural features of some of these conditions that may help to distinguish melanoma from its mimics. It is hoped that this approach, together with part I of the non-melanocytic mimics of melanoma, will aid in better overall understanding of melanoma and its mimics.
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