Identity and intimacy crises and their relationship to internet dependence among college students.

Center for Teacher Education, Tainan National University of the Arts, 66 Da-Chi Village, Tainan County, Taiwan.
CyberPsychology & Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.71). 11/2006; 9(5):571-6. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2006.9.571
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In an attempt to test Kandell's proposition that internet dependents used the internet as a coping mechanism against underlying psychological issues, this study investigated the extent to which the fifth and sixth Eriksonian crises (identity, intimacy), were related to internet dependence (online chatting, gaming) among college students. Students spending more than 10 hours per week on chatting/gaming were classified as dependents. On the basis of a national sample of freshmen in Taiwan, this study found that the dependents scored significantly lower on most of the measures that reflected the successful resolution of the crises, and higher on the measures that reflected unsuccessful resolution of the crises. Kandell's proposition was supported.

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    ABSTRACT: Backgrounds:The present study was carried out in order to compare national and personal identity and their subscales in internet addicts and nonaddicts.Materials and Methods:This study was a descriptive-analytical research, and was carried out on 384 student internet users in different universities in the city of Isfahan who were selected using quota sampling. Subjects completed the questionnaires, then, subscales of personal and national identity questionnaires in internet addict and nonaddict were analyzed via SPSS16 software.Results:Results indicated a significant difference between the scores of national identity and personal identity as well as all subscales in internet addicts and nonaddicts, except for national heritage and homeland defence factors. In addition, there was a negative and significant relationship between addiction to internet and personal and national identity, except for the fourth and fifth factors of national identity (viewpoints of others considering the national group and homeland defence). Moreover, after controlling for the sex variable, internet addiction had an effect on personal and national identity.Conclusion:The findings of this research indicate that an excess of internet use and overinvolvement in cyberspace and the addiction to them, could be associated with defects in some aspects of national and personal identity.
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Education 05/2014; 3:42. DOI:10.4103/2277-9531.131926
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Mar 10, 2015