The adipokine visfatin is markedly elevated in obese children.
ABSTRACT The insulin-mimetic adipocytokine visfatin has been linked to adiposity and the metabolic syndrome.
Eighty-three nondiabetic obese children and 40 healthy controls.
We analyzed plasma visfatin concentrations to assess whether this adipokine is associated with adiposity.
Plasma visfatin concentrations were nearly 2-fold higher in obese children (mean, 1.1 ng/mL; 95% CI, 0.2-6.6) than in controls (0.6 ng/mL, 95% CI, 0.6 to 0.6; P < 0.001). No relationship was detectable between visfatin and other subject characteristics, hsCRP or the lipid profile.
Visfatin may be involved in the development of metabolic derangements in obese children.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Daniel Weghuber, Mar 08, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Chronic antiepileptic therapy with valproic acid (VPA) is associated with increased body weight and insulin resistance in adults and children. Attempts to determine the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms have failed. Adipocytokines have recently been defined as a link between glucose and fat metabolism. We herein demonstrate that VPA-associated overweight is accompanied by lower adiponectin and higher leptin concentrations in children. The absence of any relationship with visfatin concentration does not suggest a role of this novel insulin-mimetic hormone in VPA-associated metabolic alterations. Therefore, adiponectin and leptin but not visfatin may be considered as potential regulators of glucose and fat metabolism during VPA-therapy.Epilepsia 03/2008; 49(2):353-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2007.01460.x · 4.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The widespread acceptance that increased dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), improve health is based on extensive studies in animals, isolated cells and humans. Visceral adiposity is part of the metabolic syndrome, together with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension and inflammation. Alleviation of metabolic syndrome requires normalization of insulin release and responses. This review assesses our current knowledge of the mechanisms that allow n-3 PUFAs to improve insulin secretion and sensitivity. EPA has been more extensively studied than either ALA or DHA. The complex actions of EPA include increased G-protein-receptor-mediated release of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) from enteroendocrine L-cells in the intestine, up-regulation of the apelin pathway and down-regulation of other control pathways to promote insulin secretion by the pancreatic β-cells, together with suppression of inflammatory responses to adipokines, inhibition of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α actions and prevention of decreased insulin-like growth factor-1 secretion to improve peripheral insulin responses. The receptors involved and the mechanisms of action probably differ for ALA and DHA, with antiobesity effects predominating for ALA and anti-inflammatory effects for DHA. Modifying both GLP-1 release and the actions of adipokines by n-3 PUFAs could lead to additive improvements in both insulin secretion and sensitivity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 02/2015; 26(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.02.001 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of visfatin and adiponectin concentrations with insulin resistance and body composition in regularly physically active pubertal girls. In 129 girls, aged 13-15 years (pubertal stages 3-5), visfatin, adiponectin, insulin resistance measured by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), and body composition measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were evaluated. Visfatin concentration was related to HOMA and overall adiposity (body mass index, fat mass) markers, whereas adiponectin concentration was related to overall adiposity (fat mass), central adiposity (trunk fat) and fat free mass values. These relationships remained significant (p < 0.05) after adjusting for pubertal stage. Visfatin was independently related to body mass index (beta = 0.936; p = 0.0001) and HOMA (beta = 0.444; p = 0.039) indices, whereas adiponectin was independently related to fat free mass (beta = 0.889; p = 0.003) and trunk fat (beta = -0.468; p = 0.042) values. In conclusion, visfatin could be related to insulin resistance and overall adiposity indices, whereas adiponectin was related to different body composition values in regularly physically active pubertal girls.Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 01/2011; 24(7-8):419-25. DOI:10.1515/jpem.2011.054 · 0.71 Impact Factor