Article

Reference values for the five-repetition sit-to-stand test: A Descriptive meta-analysis of data from elders

Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, 358 Mansfield Road, Storrs, CT 06269-2101, USA.
Perceptual and Motor Skills (Impact Factor: 0.66). 09/2006; 103(1):215-22. DOI: 10.2466/PMS.103.5.215-222
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This meta-analysis was conducted to generate normative values for the 5-repetition sit-to-stand (STS) test suitable for application to individuals at least 60 years of age. A thorough review of the literature yielded 13 papers (14 studies) relevant to this purpose. After the exclusion of potentially unrepresentative data, meta-analysis of these 13 papers indicated that judgments about normal performance should be based on age. Analysis demonstrated that individuals with times for 5 repetitions of this test exceeding the following can be considered to have worse than average performance: 11.4 sec (60 to 69 years), 12.6 sec. (70 to 79 years), and 14.8 sec. (80 to 89 years).

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    • "Age-associated declines in motor function—the ability to perform physical tasks [Reuben et al. 2013]—are tightly coupled with quality of life [Cooper et al., 2011; Manini et al., 2007], independent-living status [Bischoff et al., 2003], disability [Guralnik et al., 1995; Rantanen et al., 1999], and mortality [Buchman et al., 2007; Rantanen et al., 2012; Stanaway et al., 2011]. Such associations are expected given that muscle strength [Forrest et al. 2007; Vandervoort 2002], walking endurance [Rikli and Jones 1999], sit-to-stand times [Bohannon 2006], and fine motor skills [Marmon et al. 2011, Enoka et al. 2003] all decline with advancing age. In contrast, fatigability [Kluger et al. 2013], the rate of decline in objective measures of motor performance, can be less [Hunter et al. 2005; Ditor and Hicks 2000; Griffith et al. 2010; Kent-Braun et al. 2002; Lanza et al. 2004] or greater [McNeil and Rice 2007] in older adults than young adults. "
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    • "identify subjects with decreased lower body muscular strength and endurance compared with sex-and age-matched individuals (Solberg 2004). Available STS test reference data mostly refer to an elderly and selected United States population or to different types of STS tests (Bohannon 2006; Rikli and Jones 1999; Ritchie et al. 2005). No reference values are available for Europeans or for the entire age range of adults. "
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    International Journal of Public Health 08/2013; 58(6). DOI:10.1007/s00038-013-0504-z · 2.70 Impact Factor
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