Colorectal cancer prevention and screening: a Health Belief Model-based research study to increase disease awareness.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effects of a Health Belief Model-based colorectal cancer (CRC) education session on adult participants. Education sessions were conducted at a site chosen by the participants, such as their homes, in a mid-sized, mid-Western city. Thirty-one Caucasian adults participated. Eleven were men (35%) and 20 were women (65%). Study results reveal that the education sessions were an effective way to promote awareness of CRC prevention and screening. The participants' responses reflected a positive and significant (p < .0001) improvement in all areas except beliefs regarding maintenance of a healthy weight (p = .0574). The greatest effect was on men, current smokers, and those with a high school education or less. Education sessions were equally effective for auditory and visual learners. The 31 participants planned to share the information with at least 32 other individuals. The participants acquired an increased awareness of CRC prevention and screening. Willingness to discuss CRC after the education sessions may be significant, especially because the others may, in turn, share the information. Nurses need to be aware of CRC screening guidelines. The impact of patient teaching on this health promotion effort may reach beyond the patients who were in contact with the nurses. Public awareness might be further increased when patients share this information with others.
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ABSTRACT: Background/aims:Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide. On the other hand, it is one of the most preventable cancers. There are effective treatment choices only if it is diagnosed at an early stage. Therefore, the screening programs are essential and the role of auxiliary health personnel is pivotal. Our study aimed to evaluate the awareness and knowledge ofnurses on this subject. Materials and Methods: We prepared a questionnaire for 100 participants. The questionnaire contained ten questions about the disease. The participants were chosen from big hospitals where high percentages of this disease are observed. We achieved 100 percent attendance to our survey. All of the questionnaires were completed by the planned study population and evaluated. Results: There were satisfactory answers about the definition of colorectal cancer, incidence rate, general sign, symptoms, and prevention. The true answer rate was at least 69% for these questions. All participants had enough knowledge about what the colonoscopy procedure is, however, 25% had misinformation about haemorrhoidal disease. A quarter of the study population had no satisfactory knowledge about early diagnosis and screening. Conclusions: Since early diagnosis is very important for colorectal cancer survival rates, screening tests are vital. There are no established screening programs in Turkey. Turkey has to establish and implement these sorts of programs. Certainly, regular screening programs provide public awareness, help prevent colorectal cancer and reduce the mortality rates. We found some knowledge deficiency among auxiliary healthcare personnel about potential causes of colorectal cancer, early diagnosis, and screening. They must be trained and empowered to take active roles in screening programs.The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology 08/2013; 24(4):339-344. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the nurse-run annual wellness visit (AWV) in improving adherence to cancer screening recommendations for colonoscopies and/or mammograms. The Affordable Health Care Act provides Medicare beneficiaries access to AWVs. Nurse-run AWVs offer individualized education, reinforce health screening recommendations, and may enhance the patients' intent to complete the screenings. A nonexperimental comparative study was conducted using data collected from chart audits comparing patients who only attended the AWV, patients who attended the AWV linked with a physician visit, and patients who have not attended an AWV. Patients who attended the AWV showed greater adherence to mammogram completion regardless of the link to the physician follow-up visit. Differences in adherence to colonoscopy recommendations were not significant, likely because of the low number of colonoscopies reported. Nurse-run AWV clinics are associated with adherence to mammograms and show promise of increasing colonoscopy compliance.The Journal of nursing administration 05/2014; 44(5):270-5. DOI:10.1097/NNA.0000000000000066 · 1.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An innovative collaborative partnership between bachelor of science nursing (BSN) students and local public schools was developed in response to a call for increasing awareness of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in Michigan's underserved populations; through this partnership, community health nursing students provide health education for middle- and high-school aged students who became colon health ambassadors and delivered important messages about the importance of colorectal cancer screenings for their significant others age 50 and older. At the completion, the program reached approximately 1,800 school-age students and their family members. The program provides nursing students with unique service-learning experience while improving their theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in health disparities and community health nursing. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of this community-academic collaboration and discuss the evaluation of educational outcomes as community health nursing experience.Journal of Community Health Nursing 10/2013; 30(4):175-84. DOI:10.1080/07370016.2013.838471 · 0.65 Impact Factor