Early onset Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease caused by a homozygous Leu239Phe mutation in the GDAP1 gene.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the ganglioside -induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene are common a cause of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT4A) disease with autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. To date more than twenty mutations in the GDAP1 gene have been reported in patients suffering from the demyelinating, axonal or mixed form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Only in a few CMT4A affected patients sural nerve biopsy findings have been provided. We report a homozygous Leu239Phe mutation in the GDAP1 gene in a 39-year-old female with a severe form of mixed axonal and demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Dagmara Kabzinska, Mar 17, 2015
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Article: Early onset Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease caused by a homozygous Leu239Phe mutation in the GDAP1 gene.
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ABSTRACT: Mitochondria are remarkably dynamic organelles that migrate, divide and fuse. Cycles of mitochondrial fission and fusion ensure metabolite and mitochondrial DNA mixing and dictate organelle shape, number and bioenergetic functionality. There is mounting evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction is an early and causal event in neurodegeneration. Mutations in the mitochondrial fusion GTPases mitofusin 2 and optic atrophy 1, neurotoxins and oxidative stress all disrupt the cable-like morphology of functional mitochondria. This results in impaired bioenergetics and mitochondrial migration, and can trigger neurodegeneration. These findings suggest potential new treatment avenues for neurodegenerative diseases.Nature Reviews Neuroscience 08/2008; 9(7):505-18. DOI:10.1038/nrn2417 · 31.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a detailed study of eight patients from four Italian families presenting with autosomal recessive axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (AR-CMT2), characterized by early-onset and progressive severe weakness of all limbs. Vocal cord paresis was present in two cases. Sural nerve biopsy performed in three patients showed a severe neuropathy characterized by a predominant axonal involvement. Five novel mutations (p.Gln99stop, p.Gln122Lys, p.Arg125stop, p.Val219Asp, p.Asn297Lys) and one previously reported mutation (p.Leu239Phe) were identified in GDAP1 gene. GDAP1 mutations should be considered both in recessive and sporadic cases of early-onset axonal CMT.Neuromuscular Disorders 07/2009; 19(7):476-80. DOI:10.1016/j.nmd.2009.04.014 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease represents a large group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders leading to inherited peripheral neuropathies affecting motor and sensory neurons. Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated-protein 1 gene (GDAP1), which encodes a protein anchored to the mitochondrial outer membrane, are usually associated with the recessive forms of CMT disease and only rarely with the autosomal dominant forms. The function of GDAP1 is not fully understood but it plays a role in mitochondrial dynamics by promoting fission events. We present an overview of GDAP1 and the corresponding protein together with the complete spectrum of the 41 gene mutations described so far. We examine the relationship between the genotype and the phenotype in the various forms of CMT disease related to GDAP1 mutations, and discuss the pathophysiological hypotheses that link peripheral neuropathies to mitochondrial dysfunction and GDAP1 mutations. The meta-analysis of the literature reveals the great heterogeneity of phenotypic presentations and shows that the recessive forms of CMT disease, i.e. CMT4A and AR-CMT2, are far more severe than the dominant form, i.e. CMT2K. Among patients with recessive forms of the disease, those carrying truncating mutations are more seriously affected, often becoming wheelchair-bound before the end of the third decade. At the neuronal level, GDAP1 mutations may lead to perturbed axonal transport and impaired energy production as in other neurodegenerative diseases due to mutations in genes involved in mitochondrial dynamics.Experimental Neurology 01/2011; 227(1):31-41. DOI:10.1016/j.expneurol.2010.09.006 · 4.62 Impact Factor