Early onset Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease caused by a homozygous Leu239Phe mutation in the GDAP1 gene.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the ganglioside -induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene are common a cause of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT4A) disease with autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. To date more than twenty mutations in the GDAP1 gene have been reported in patients suffering from the demyelinating, axonal or mixed form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Only in a few CMT4A affected patients sural nerve biopsy findings have been provided. We report a homozygous Leu239Phe mutation in the GDAP1 gene in a 39-year-old female with a severe form of mixed axonal and demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
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ABSTRACT: Mitochondria are remarkably dynamic organelles that migrate, divide and fuse. Cycles of mitochondrial fission and fusion ensure metabolite and mitochondrial DNA mixing and dictate organelle shape, number and bioenergetic functionality. There is mounting evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction is an early and causal event in neurodegeneration. Mutations in the mitochondrial fusion GTPases mitofusin 2 and optic atrophy 1, neurotoxins and oxidative stress all disrupt the cable-like morphology of functional mitochondria. This results in impaired bioenergetics and mitochondrial migration, and can trigger neurodegeneration. These findings suggest potential new treatment avenues for neurodegenerative diseases.Nature Reviews Neuroscience 08/2008; 9(7):505-18. · 26.48 Impact Factor