The TFPT/FB1 gene was identified because of its involvement in childhood pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Although its specific function is still unclear, Tfpt has been implicated in cell proliferation and induction of programmed cell death (PCD). Given the critical role of PCD in leukemogenesis, we have investigated the responsiveness of different cell lines to TFPT over expression and the consequent induction of PCD by proliferation kinetic analysis, immunolocalization and TUNEL assay. We have also tested the involvement of factors implicated in cell cycle progression and apoptosis, i.e. caspases, p53, Cdc2. Our results indicate that over expression of TFPT promotes caspase 9-dependent apoptosis, nevertheless the apoptotic cascade is engaged only in culture conditions sustaining cell proliferation and different cell lines display differential responsiveness to TFPT induced apoptosis Although p53 is a main regulator of apoptosis in mammalian cells, the Tfpt induced apoptosis appears p53-independent. These results are discussed relatively to the role played by TFPT in leukemogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cancer progression is often driven by an accumulation of genetic changes but also accompanied by increasing genomic instability. These processes lead to a complicated landscape of copy number alterations (CNAs) within individual tumors and great diversity across tumor samples. High resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is being used to profile CNAs of ever larger tumor collections, and better computational methods for processing these data sets and identifying potential driver CNAs are needed. Typical studies of aCGH data sets take a pipeline approach, starting with segmentation of profiles, calls of gains and losses, and finally determination of frequent CNAs across samples. A drawback of pipelines is that choices at each step may produce different results, and biases are propagated forward. We present a mathematically robust new method that exploits probe-level correlations in aCGH data to discover subsets of samples that display common CNAs. Our algorithm is related to recent work on maximum-margin clustering. It does not require pre-segmentation of the data and also provides grouping of recurrent CNAs into clusters. We tested our approach on a large cohort of glioblastoma aCGH samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas and recovered almost all CNAs reported in the initial study. We also found additional significant CNAs missed by the original analysis but supported by earlier studies, and we identified significant correlations between CNAs.
PLoS ONE 08/2010; 5(8):e12028. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0012028 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The leader proteinase (L(pro)) of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) plays a critical role in viral pathogenesis. Molecular studies have demonstrated that L(pro) inhibits translation of host capped mRNAs and transcription of some genes involved in the innate immune response. We have used microarray technology to study the gene expression profile of bovine cells infected with wild type (WT) or leaderless FMDV. Thirty nine out of approximately 22,000 bovine genes were selectively up-regulated by 2 fold or more in leaderless versus WT virus infected cells. Most of the up-regulated genes corresponded to IFN-inducible genes, chemokines or transcription factors. Comparison of promoter sequences suggested that host factors NF-kappaB, ISGF3G and IRF1 specifically contributed to the differential expression, being NF-kappaB primarily responsible for the observed changes. Our results suggest that L(pro) plays a central role in the FMDV evasion of the innate immune response by inhibiting NF-kappaB dependent gene expression.
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