The measurement of regional cerebral blood flow during glossolalia: a preliminary SPECT study.

Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
Psychiatry Research (Impact Factor: 2.68). 12/2006; 148(1):67-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2006.07.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Glossolalia (or "speaking in tongues") is an unusual mental state that has great personal and religious meaning. Glossolalia is experienced as a normal and expected behavior in religious prayer groups in which the individual appears to be speaking in an incomprehensible language. This is the first functional neuroimaging study to demonstrate changes in cerebral activity during glossolalia. The frontal lobes, parietal lobes, and left caudate were most affected.

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Available from: Andrew Newberg, Jul 14, 2015
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    • "This activity in the frontal lobes is usually associated with a meditative state which is common in both monks (who usually practise meditation) and nuns (who practise prayer recitals) [Table/ Fig-4]. They also showed similarity in the orientation area (the superior parietal lobe), which showed a dramatic decrease in its neuronal activity (enhanced yellow areas and reduced red areas) [9] [Table/Fig-5]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding the true nature of an individual, be it a child or an adult, a male or a female, is almost an impossible task. The vast abyss like behaviour of a human mind is virtually unfathomable. Yet, with the advent of neurosciences, it can be said that we, as the medical fraternity, have been in a position to decipher a considerable part of the human mind. This review accepts the fact that religion and theology have extreme reverence and respect. Yet, when it comes to extraordinary beliefs, phenomena, unimaginable feats and emotional deviations of the human mind, especially those which involve deep faiths and beliefs, comprehensive neuroscientific explanations from the emerging data, with the aid of elaborate neuroimaging, have proved to be extremely rational and logical. This review did make an attempt to untangle some facets of spirituality and to make rational explanations of the same. It was an attempt to understand the function of the mind (as an abstract) and the brain, on the spiritual experiences and sudden enlightments, the experience of togetherness with the universe, and to understand the phenomena of trance and an altered state of consciousness, which is better referred as the emerging science of neurotheology.
    07/2013; 7(7):1486-90. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2013/5409.3181
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    • "Oração ↑ PFC, lobos frontais inferiores e lobos parietais inferiores Beauregard et al., 2006 57 fMRI 14 carmelitas Senso de união com Deus ↑ RL córtex medial orbitofrontal, R córtex temporal médio, RL lobos parietais inferior e superior, RL caudate, L medial PFC, L ACC, L insular, L tronco cerebral, córtex visual estriado Newberg et al., 2006 56 SPECT 6 carismáticos Glossolalia ↑ L caudate ↓ DLPFC, L parietal superior Beauregard et al., 2009 64 fMRI 15 pacientes com NDE Meditação " ser de luz " ↑ R tronco cerebral, R córtex orbito frontal, R PFC, R lobo parietal superior, L lobo temporal, L insular, e L para-hipocampo Harris et al., 2009 62 fMRI 15 crentes/15 descrentes Julgamento de crenças " verdadeiro " vs. " falso " Crença associada com ↑atividade no ventromedial PFC; pensamentos religiosos associados com regiões do cérebro que governam emoções, autorrepresentação e conflito cognitivo; pensamento comum associado com redes de recuperação de memória Ge et al., 2009 63 fMRI 16 cristãos/16 não seguidores Traços de julgamento sobre Jesus Conectividade funcional entre MPFC e lobo parietal posterior, traço de julgamento diferenciado de líderes políticos e o eu, mas não entre Jesus e o eu. De Araujo et al., 2012 61 fMRI 9 usuários de Ayahuasca Efeito da Ayahuasca ↑ áreas occipital, temporal e frontal Peres et al., 2012 22 SPECT 10 psicógrafos Escrita psicografada ↓ L culmen, L hipocampo, L giro occipital inferior, L cíngulo anterior, R giro temporal superior e R giro pré-central PET: tomografia por emissão de pósitrons; SPECT: tomografia computadorizada por emissão de fóton único; fMRI: imageamento por ressonância magnética funcional; ACC: córtex singular anterior; PFC: córtex pré-frontal; DLPFC: córtex pré-frontal dorsolateral; R: direta; L: esquerda. "
    Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica 12/2012; 40(6):225-232. DOI:10.1590/S0101-60832013000600004 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    • "Finally , this work is the first ' ' neurotheology ' ' study to examine stress biomarker profiles among Charismatics in a naturalistic setting and provides a model for the study of culturally situated dissociation ( cf . Newberg et al . , 2006 ; Pavelsky , 1975 ; Philipchalk & Mueller , 2000 ) . It thereby contributes to the cultural neuroscience of dissociation by integrating the ' ' psychiatric - adaptive ' ' and ' ' anthropological - discursive ' ' models of dissociation ( Seligman & Kirmayer , 2008 ) . It supports recent findings using a similar approach , that internet g"
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of glossolalia or ‘‘speaking in tongues’’ on biological stress and arousal is examined in a sample of Apostolic Pentecostals. Glossolalia is a form of dissociation considered by Pentecostals as possession by the Holy Spirit. Dissociation is a psychological term for partitioning of awareness and widely held to moderate stress, yet this has been difficult to affirm in culturally embedded situations. We sought to determine if glossolalic dissociation is associated with biomarkers of stress and arousal (salivary cortisol and alphaamylase, respectively) on a religious service and a non-service day among 52 participants. We used mixed qualitative and quantitative methods to group participants as high- and low-glossolalists for preliminary comparisons and by status within their respective churches for regression analyses. Results indicate a significant influence of two glossolalia indicators on cortisol and alpha-amylase on both days, in addition to a statistically significant though not robust interaction effect between lifetime glossolalia experience and church status on the non-service day. Combined, these data suggest glossolalia experience is associated with increased physiological stress during worship and reduced stress and arousal beyond the worship context.
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