Solvation dynamics of a protein in the pre molten globule state.
ABSTRACT The nature of solvent molecules around proteins in native and different non-native states is crucial for understanding the protein folding problem. We have characterized two compact denatured states of glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS) under equilibrium conditions in the presence of a naturally occurring osmolyte, l-glutamate. The solvation dynamics of the compact denatured states and the fully unfolded state has been studied using a covalently attached probe, acrylodan, near the active site. The solvation dynamics progressively becomes faster as the protein goes from the native to the molten globule to the pre molten globule to the fully unfolded state. Anisotropy decay measurements suggest that the pre-molten-globule intermediate is more flexible than the molten globule although the secondary structure is largely similar. Dynamic light scattering studies reveal that both the compact denatured states are aggregated under the measurement conditions. The implications of solvation dynamics in aggregated compact denatured states have been discussed.
Article: Exploration of the Correlation between Solvation Dynamics and Internal Dynamics of a Protein.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Protein function is intimately related to the dynamics of the protein as well as to the dynamics of the solvent shell around the protein. Although it has been argued extensively that protein dynamics is slaved to solvent dynamics, experimental support for this hypothesis is scanty. In this study, measurements of fluorescence anisotropy decay kinetics have been used to determine the motional dynamics of the fluorophore acrylodan linked to several locations in a small protein barstar in its various structural forms, including the native and unfolded states as well as the acid and protofibril forms. Fluorescence upconversion and streak camera measurements have been used to determine the solvation dynamics around the fluorophore. Both the motional dynamics and solvent dynamics were found to be dependent upon the location of the probe as well as on the structural form of the protein. While the (internal) motional dynamics of the fluorophore occur in the 0.1-3 ns time domain, the observed mean solvent relaxation times are in the range of 20-300 ps. A strong positive correlation between these two dynamical modes was found in spite of the significant difference in their time scales. This observed correlation is a strong indicator of the coupling between solvent dynamics and the dynamics in the protein.Biochemistry 12/2010; 50(3):397-408. · 3.42 Impact Factor