Stage migration caused by D2 dissection with para-aortic lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer from the results of a prospective randomized controlled trial.
ABSTRACT Extended lymphadenectomy (D2) provides accurate nodal staging of gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to clarify the degree of stage migration seen with D2 combined with para-aortic lymph node dissection for gastric cancer invading the subserosa, the serosa and adjacent structures (T2ss-4) in patients considered not to have distant metastases (M0).
Between July 1995 and April 2001, 523 patients were recruited and randomized in a prospective phase III trial comparing D2 with D2 and para-aortic nodal dissection for T2ss-4 gastric cancer without macroscopic para-aortic nodal metastases. Stage migration was evaluated by Japanese Gastric Cancer Association staging in 260 patients who underwent D2 with para-aortic dissection by analysing pathological information from the dissected lymph nodes.
Node (N)-stage migration was observed in 1 per cent (1 of 82) of patients with N1 disease, 20 per cent (12 of 59) with N2, 43 per cent (10 of 23) with N3 and 8.8 per cent (23 of 260) of all patients. Final stage migration occurred in 9 per cent (5 of 58) of patients with stage IIIa, 19 per cent (8 of 42) with stage IIIb, 56 per cent (9 of 16) with stage IVa and 8.5 per cent (22 of 260) of all patients. Metastasis to N4 nodes was found in 4 per cent (four of 95) of tumours invading the subserosa and 17.4 per cent (19 of 109) of tumours penetrating the serosa. The overall incidence of N4 involvement was 8.8 per cent (23 of 260).
Extended para-aortic lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer provides accurate nodal staging and results in stage migration, which may improve stage-specific survival regardless of overall survival benefit.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to explore the prognostic prediction rationality of the seventh edition N stage for gastric cancer (GC) patients who underwent the limited lymphadenectomy. Clinicopathological data of 769 GC patients who underwent the curative resection between 1997 and 2006 were analyzed for demonstration that the seventh edition N stage had the significant superiorities of prognostic prediction to the patients who underwent the limited lymphadenectomy. Although the extent of lymphadenectomy was associated with the overall survival (OS) of gastric cancer (GC) patients, the N stages of the seventh edition of the TNM Classification were identified as the most intensively independent predictors of GC prognosis. Using stratum analysis, the 5-year survival rate of patients who underwent limited lymphadenectomy was observed to be significantly different from that of patients who underwent extended lymphadenectomy, regardless of the extent of lymph node metastasis. Multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that combining the extents of lymph node metastasis and lymphadenectomy could improve the prediction accuracy of patient survival status. Case control analysis showed that regardless of the extent of lymphadenectomy, the seventh edition N stages featured significant superiority for OS evaluation of GC patients. The seventh edition N stage had the prediction rationality for the OS of GC patients who underwent the limited lymphadenectomy.Tumor Biology 11/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Some suggest that metastatic lymph node ratio (LNR) may be prognostic of survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. However, this phenomenon was confused by inclusion of node-negative patients in the analysis. The present study was designed to evaluate the prognostic impact of metastatic LNR and the absolute number of metastatic LNs in patients resected for pancreatic cancer. Data were collected from 398 patients who underwent curative surgery for pancreatic head cancer at Seoul National University Hospital. Long-term survival was analyzed according to LNR and absolute number of metastatic LNs. Of the patients, 227 (57.0 %) had LN metastasis. The mean numbers of total retrieved and metastatic LNs were 19.5 and 1.9, respectively, and the mean LNR was 0.11. Median overall survival (OS) of patients was significantly higher in N0 than in N1 patients after curative resection (25.4 vs. 14.8 months, p < 0.001). Median OS was significantly lower in patients with 1 than in those with 0 positive LNs (17.3 vs. 25.4 months, p = 0.001). Among N1 patients, those with 0 < LNR ≤ 0.2 had comparable prognosis than those with >0.2 LNR (median OS 17.2 vs. 12.8 months, p = 0.096), and the number of metastatic LNs did not correlate with median OS (p = 0.365). The presence of a single positive metastatic LN was associated with significantly poorer OS in patients with pancreatic cancer. When LN metastasis was present, the number of metastatic LNs and LNR had limited prognostic relevance.Annals of Surgical Oncology 01/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Peritoneal lavage cytology is part of the routine staging workup for patients with advanced gastric cancer. However, no quality assurance study has been conducted to show variations or biases in peritoneal lavage cytology results. The aim of this study was to demonstrate a test execution variation in peritoneal lavage cytology between investigating surgeons. A prospective cohort study was designed for determination of the positive rate of peritoneal lavage cytology using a liquid-based preparation method in patients with potentially curable advanced gastric cancer (cT2~4/N0~2/M0). One hundred thirty patients were enrolled and underwent laparotomy, peritoneal lavage cytology, and standard gastrectomy, which were performed by 3 investigating surgeons. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and a logistic regression model. The overall positive peritoneal cytology rate was 10.0%. Subgroup positive rates were 5.3% in pT1 cancer, 2.0% in pT2/3 cancer, 11.1% in pT4a cancer, and 71.4% in pT4b cancer. In univariate analysis, positive peritoneal cytology showed significant correlation with pT stage, lymphatic invasion, vascular invasion, ascites, and the investigating surgeon. We found the positive rate to be 2.1% for surgeon A, 10.2% for surgeon B, and 20.6% for surgeon C (P=0.024). Multivariate analysis identified pT stage, ascites, and the investigating surgeon to be significant risk factors for positive peritoneal cytology. The peritoneal lavage cytology results were significantly affected by the investigating surgeon, providing strong evidence of test execution variation that could be related to poor diagnostic accuracy and stage migration in patients with advanced gastric cancer.Journal of gastric cancer. 12/2013; 13(4):214-25.