Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T andA1298C variants do not affect ongoing pregnancy rates following in vitro fertilization.
ABSTRACT There is concern that IVF could compromise normal imprinting and methylation of DNA. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) regulates the flow of folic acid-derived, one-carbon moieties for methylation and is critical to early embryonic development. Therefore, we hypothesized that common polymorphisms in MTHFR could associate with IVF outcome.
MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphism genotyping was performed on 374 subjects for this study, representing 197 couples undergoing IVF in a university setting from July 2005 to January 2006. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square and/or multivariate analyses were used to assess whether these polymorphisms are associated with embryo quality or with ongoing pregnancy or spontaneous abortion rates.
Allele frequencies for C677T ( p=0.67, q=0.33) and A1298C ( p=0.71, q=0.29) were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The C677T and A1298C variants, either alone or in combination, did not associate with embryo quality or short-term pregnancy outcome.
The common polymorphisms in MTHFR are not associated with embryo quality, as defined by cell number or fragmentation score, or with short-term pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, in our population in which women receive adequate folic acid, MTHFR genotypes are not informative in explaining IVF failure. Further studies, however, examining birth outcomes and the other enzymes in the folic acid pathway are warranted.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Most reproductive failures originate during the periconceptional period and are influenced by the age and the lifestyle of parents-to-be. We advance the hypothesis that these failures can arise as a partial consequence of derangements to one-carbon (1-C) metabolism (i.e. metabolic pathways that utilize substrates/cofactors such as methionine, vitamin B12, folate). 1-C metabolic pathways drive the synthesis of proteins, biogenic amines and lipids required for early growth, together with the synthesis and methylation of DNA and histones essential for the regulation of gene expression. We review how deficiencies in periconceptional 1-C metabolism affect fertility and development together with underlying mechanisms derived from animal studies.METHODSA literature search was performed using PubMed and bibliographies of all relevant original research articles and reviews.RESULTSWe define 'periconception' as a 5-6-month period in women embracing oocyte growth, fertilization, conceptus formation and development to Week 10 of gestation (coinciding with the closure of the secondary palate in the embryo). During this period significant epigenetic modifications to chromatin occur that correspond with normal development. Subtle variations in 1-C metabolism genes and deficiencies in 1-C substrates/cofactors together with poor lifestyle, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, disturb 1-C metabolism and contribute to subfertility and early miscarriage and compromise offspring health. Procedures used in assisted reproduction can also disturb these metabolic pathways and contribute to poor pregnancy outcomes.CONCLUSIONS Evidence presented indicates that parental nutrition and other lifestyle factors during the periconceptional period can affect reproductive performance via 1-C metabolic pathways. This knowledge provides opportunities for treatment and prevention of reproductive failures and future non-communicable diseases.Human Reproduction Update 08/2013; DOI:10.1093/humupd/dmt041 · 8.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To study folic acid intake, folate status and pregnancy outcome after infertility treatment in women with different infertility diagnoses in relation to methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T, 1298A>C and 1793G>A polymorphisms. Also the use of folic acid supplements, folate status and the frequency of different gene variations were studied in women undergoing infertility treatment and fertile women.DesignObservational study.SettingUniversity hospital.PopulationWomen undergoing infertility treatment and healthy, fertile, non-pregnant women.MethodsA questionnaire was used to assess general background data and use of dietary supplements. Blood samples were taken to determine plasma folate and homocysteine levels, and for genomic DNA extraction. A comparison of four studies was performed to assess pregnancy outcome in relation to MTHFR 677 TT vs. CC, and 1298 CC vs. AA polymorphisms.Main outcome measuresFolic acid supplement intake, and plasma folate, homocysteine and genomic assays.ResultsWomen in the infertility group used significantly more folic acid supplements and had better folate status than fertile women, but pregnancy outcome after fertility treatment was not dependent on folic acid intake, folate status or MTHFR gene variations.Conclusion High folic acid intakes and MTHFR gene variations seem not associated with helping women to achieve pregnancy during or after fertility treatment.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 10/2014; DOI:10.1111/aogs.12522 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms and IVF outcomes in Brazilian women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. A prospective study was conducted in the Human Reproduction Department at the ABC University School of Medicine and the Ideia Fertility Institute between December 2010 and April 2012. The patient population was 82 women undergoing assisted reproduction cycles. The MTHFR polymorphisms C677T and A1298C were evaluated and compared with laboratory results and pregnancy rates. The C677T variant was associated with proportions of mature (P = 0.006) and immature (P = 0.003) oocytes whereas the A1298C variant was associated with number of oocytes retrieved (P = 0.044). The polymorphisms, whether alone or in combination, were not associated with normal fertilization, good-quality embryo or clinical pregnancy rates. This study suggests that the number and maturity of oocytes retrieved may be related to the MTHFR polymorphisms C677T and A1298C.Reproductive biomedicine online 03/2014; 28(6). DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2014.02.005 · 2.68 Impact Factor