[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To date, the College of Radiology (CoR) does not see any clear benefit in performing whole body screening computed tomography (CT) examinations in healthy asymptomatic individuals. There are radiation risk issues in CT and principles of screening should be adhered to. There may be a role for targeted cardiac screening CT that derives calcium score, especially for asymptomatic medium-risk individuals and CT colonography when used as part of a strategic programme for colorectal cancer screening in those 50 years and older. However, population based screening CT examinations may become appropriate when evidence emerges regarding a clear benefit for the patient outweighing the associated radiation risks.
Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal 10/2008; 4(4):e44.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the potential usefulness of high b-value body diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) as a screening tool in the depiction of abdominal malignant tumors.
We selected 110 abdominal magnetic resonance examinations (1.5 T; 60 men; age range, 25-90 years) with and without malignant tumors (n = 37 and n = 73, respectively). Axial DWIs were obtained by single-shot spin-echo (SE) type echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence with inversion pulse (repetition time, 6,800 msec; echo time, 100 msec; T1, 150 msec; b value, 1,000 sec/mm(2)) without breath-holding. Two radiologists independently interpreted the DWIs, T2-weighted images (T2-WI), all three types of images including DWIs, T2-WIs, and fusion images at the same time (DWIs + T2-WIs + fusion) with 7-14 days' interval, and the diagnostic confidence for each patient was scored.
The area under the curve (AUC) of the composite receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of DWIs + T2-WIs + fusion (0.904) was significantly higher than those of DWIs (0.720; P < .001) and T2-WIs (0.822; P < .05). Both sensitivity and specificity were higher in DWIs + T2-WIs + fusion (89.5% and 81.9%, respectively) compared with those of DWIs (72.4% and 59.0%; P < .01 and P < .001, respectively).
Abdominal high b-value DWIs have a high sensitivity and specificity for malignant tumors when T2-WIs are referred and image fusion technique is employed, suggesting that it may potentially be a new screening tool.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There has been a recent growth in the use of whole body Computerised Tomography (CT) scans in the private sector as a screening test for asymptomatic disease. This is despite scant evidence to show any positive effect on morbidity or mortality. There has been concern raised over the possible harms of the test in terms of radiation exposure as well as the risk and anxiety of further investigation and treatment for the large numbers of benign lesions identified.
A healthy 64 year old lady received a privately funded whole body CT scan for her birthday which revealed an incidental mass in the right iliac fossa. This was investigated with further imaging and colonoscopy and as confident diagnosis could not be made, eventually excised. Histology demonstrated this to be a benign ancient schwannoma and we believe this to be the first reported case of an abdominal wall schwannoma in the English literature
Ancient schwannomas are rare tumours of the peripheral nerve sheaths more usually found in the head, neck and flexor surfaces of extremities. They are a subtype of classical schwannomas with a predominance of degenerative changes. Our case highlights the pitfalls of such screening tests in demonstrating benign disease and subjecting patients to what turns out to be unnecessary invasive investigation and treatment. It provides evidence as to the consequences of the large number of false positive results that are created by blind CT scanning of asymptomatic patients i.e. its tendency to detect pseudodiesease rather than affect survival rates. Should the number of scans increase there may be an unnecessary burden on NHS resources due to the large numbers of benign lesions picked up, that are then referred for further investigation.
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