Flavonoid-induced acute nephropathy by Cupressus funebris Endl (Mourning Cypress).
ABSTRACT Worldwide use of herbal therapy has increased dramatically in recent years. Most herbal therapies were not regulated as medicines, and their adverse effects often were underreported. We report a patient who developed acute renal failure, acute hepatic failure, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia after oral intake of hot-water extract of Cupressus funebris Endl (Mourning Cypress), which is rich in flavonoids. Her renal biopsy showed acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, and hemoglobin casts. The clinical course and pathological findings were consistent with flavonoid-induced acute nephropathy. We emphasize that flavonoids are not harmless and may induce acute life-threatening renal damage.
Article: Flavonoid-induced acute nephropathy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report two cases of acute renal failure induced by sciadopitysin, a type of flavonoid, and review related papers of flavonoid-induced acute nephropathy in the literature. A total of eight patients were studied. The purpose of this report is to alert physicians to consider this cause of acute renal failure with hemolysis, because flavonoids are widely used in the world. All patients initially presented with fever and gastrointestinal upset after the ingestion of a single large dose or long-term small doses. Symptoms that followed were cola-colored urine and jaundice. Elevation of blood nitrogen and serum creatinine lasted for 2 to 9 weeks. Hemolysis (100%), cholestatic hepatitis (50%), and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (50%) were also noted in flavonoid-induced oliguric acute renal failure patients. All of these patients required hemodialysis and all but one who died completely recovered within 2 to 9 weeks. Renal biopsy was performed and showed acute interstitial nephritis with acute tubular necrosis. Moreover, we first demonstrated multiple polymorphous inclusion bodies within tubular epithelial cells in electron microscopic examinations. The definite pathogenetic mechanism of flavonoid-induced acute nephropathy needs further elucidation.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 04/1994; 23(3):433-40. · 5.29 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Hematology 03/2005; 78(2):159. · 4.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A Chinese patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) developed acute nonoliguric renal failure with intercurrent urinary tract infection and hemolysis. There was no evidence of renal vein thrombosis. Renal biopsy showed features of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and hemosiderosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed characteristic features of renal hemosiderosis. The patient was stabilized with temporary hemodialysis and intravenous fluid. The renal function fully recovered 3 weeks later. We review the literature and summarize the clinical features of this disease entity. To our knowledge, this case is the first to report such disorder with thorough investigation including concomitant diagnostic MRI imaging and renal biopsy.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 03/2001; 37(2):E17. · 5.29 Impact Factor