Predischarge low-dose dobutamine test and prediction of left ventricular function at 1 year in patients with a first anterior myocardial infarction.
ABSTRACT It is unclear whether spontaneous improvement in contractility following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is related to severity of predischarge systolic dysfunction and can be predicted by isotopic ventriculography with a low-dose dobutamine test (DBT).
Spontaneous improvement in contractility would be similar in patients with more preserved and those with depressed ventricular function, and a DBT test could predict it.
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), regional contractility score (RCS), and left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVI) at predischarge, during DBT, and at 1 year were analyzed in 43 patients with a first anterior ST-elevation AMI.
Changes produced by DBT in patients with LVEF < 40%, RCS > or = 3, or EDVI > or = 70 ml/m2 were smaller than in those observed at 1 year (LVEF: 30 +/- 5-35 +/- 7%, p < 0.001, vs. 39 +/- 10%, p = 0.005; RCS: 4.9 +/- 1.4-4.6 +/- 2.0, NS, vs. 3.4 +/- 2.0, p < 0.02; EDVI: 92 +/- 14-86 +/- 22, NS, vs. 78 +/- 23 ml/m2, p < 0.03). In contrast, in patients with EF > or = 40%, RCS < 3 or EDVI < 70 ml/m2, changes with DBT tended to be greater than those observed at 1 year (LVEF: 52 +/- 8-57 +/- 11%, p < 0.004 vs. 55 +/- 11%, p < 0.04); RCS: 1.1 +/- 0.9-0.8 +/- 0.8, NS, vs. 1.1 +/- 1.1, NS; and EDVI: 51 +/- 9-47 +/- 11, p < 0.005, vs. 54 +/- 13 ml/m2, NS).
Among patients with a first anterior AMI, spontaneous improvement in contractility at 1 year was greatest in those with a more depressed ventricular function or a dilated ventricle, but its magnitude was underestimated by a predischarge DBT test.
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ABSTRACT: Dysfunction after thrombolytic therapy of acute myocardial infarction (MI) may be reversible. Early after myocardial infarction, both reversible and irreversible injury may be manifested by regional wall motion abnormalities. Improved wall thickening during dobutamine infusion (dobutamine-responsive wall motion) may accurately identify reversibly injured segments. To determine whether dobutamine-responsive wall motion accurately detects reversible postischemic dysfunction irrespective of infarct location, multistage (baseline, 4 and 12 micrograms.kg-1.min-1, and peak) dobutamine echocardiography (DE) was performed within 7 days of thrombolytic therapy. Resting echocardiography was repeated > or = 4 weeks after MI, and reversible dysfunction was defined as improved wall motion. The accuracy of dobutamine-responsive wall motion was compared with that of signs of early reperfusion, non-Q-wave MI, and peak creatine kinase (CK). Sixty-three patients underwent DE without complications. Follow-up echocardiograms were done in 51 (81%) of these patients, and wall motion improved in 22 (41%). Dobutamine-responsive wall motion during all stages of DE was very specific for reversible dysfunction (90% to 93%) but sensitive (86%) only when hemodynamics were not altered (low dose, 4 micrograms.kg-1.min-1). Non-Q-wave MI and a low peak CK (< 1000 IU/mL) were also specific (89% to 93%) but less sensitive (64% [P = .16] and 55% [P < .05], respectively). Signs of early reperfusion did not identify postischemic dysfunction. Low-dose dobutamine-responsive wall motion and non-Q-wave MI independently identified reversible dysfunction, but only dobutamine-responsive wall motion was sensitive in all infarct locations. Non-Q-wave MI was sensitive only in anterior infarction. Multistage dobutamine echocardiography can be performed safely early after thrombolytic therapy. Low-dose dobutamine-responsive wall motion accurately detected reversible dysfunction in all infarct locations. Dobutamine-responsive wall motion and non-Q-wave infarction may be very useful for accurately identifying reversible dysfunction early after thrombolytic therapy for acute MI.Circulation 08/1993; 88(2):405-15. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of a new count-proportional method for the measurement of left ventricular volume when applied to gated equilibrium blood-pool imaging. An equation is developed that relates total chamber volume, Vt, to the area of a pixel (M) and the ratio (R) of total counts within the chamber to the counts within the hottest pixel in the chamber such that Vt = 1.38 M3R3/2. The value of M is a constant for the particular scintillation camera-collimator system and R is obtained from observed count rates. All calculated volumes were compared to volumes measured using biplane contrast ventriculography. In 25 patients, the method for ventricular volumes gave an r of 0.95 and an s.e.e. of 23 ml [Volume (nuclear) = 0.94 Volume (cath) + 1.3]. Endsystolic volume was best calculated from end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction. Manual regions of interest were more accurate than automated regions of interest. This method appears to be as accurate as more complex approaches and has the advantage of not requiring attenuation correction or blood sampling.Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/1990; 31(4):450-6. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction has still to be clarified in the thrombolytic era. To evaluate timing and the magnitude and pattern of postinfarct LV remodeling, a subset of 614 patients enrolled in the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico-3 Echo Substudy underwent serial 2-dimensional echocardiograms at 24 to 48 hours from symptom onset (S1), at hospital discharge (S2), at 6 weeks (S3), and at 6 months (S4) after acute myocardial infarction. During the study period the end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) increased (P <.001) and wall motion abnormalities (%WMA) decreased (P <.001), whereas ejection fraction (EF) remained unchanged. Nineteen percent of patients showed a > 20% increase in EDVi at S2 compared with S1 (severe early dilation), and 16% of patients showed a > 20% dilation at S4 compared with S2 (severe late dilation). Independent predictors of severe in-hospital LV dilation were relatively small EDVi (odds ratio [OR] 0.961, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.947-0.974, P =.0001) and relatively large %WMA (OR 1.030, 95% CI 1.013-1.048, P =.0005). Similarly, smaller predischarge EDVi (OR 0.975, 95% CI 0. 963-0.987, P =.0001), greater %WMA (OR 1.026, 95% CI 1.008-1.045, P =.0042), and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (OR 2.261, 95% CI 1.031-4.958, P = 0.0417) independently predicted severe late dilation. Importantly, 92% of the patients with severe early dilation did not have further dilation at S4, and 91% of patients with severe late dilation did not have in-hospital dilation. EF was unchanged over time in patients with early dilation, whereas it significantly decreased in those with late dilation. Although in-hospital LV enlargement is not predictive of subsequent dilation and dysfunction, late remodeling is associated with progressive deterioration of global ventricular function over time: patients with extensive %WMA and not significantly enlarged ventricular volume before discharge are at higher risk for progressive dilation and dysfunction.American Heart Journal 01/2001; 141(1):131-8. · 4.50 Impact Factor