Expression of human chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunit type I genes predicts adverse outcome in renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Expression of the free beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGbeta) in malignant tumors is frequently associated with aggressive disease. The pretreatment serum concentration of hCGbeta is an independent prognostic variable in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The three so-called type II genes (hCGbeta 3/9, 5, and 8) have been shown to be up-regulated in relation to type I genes (hCGbeta 6/7) in some malignant tumors. We developed a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction method for quantification of relative levels of the mRNAs for the two types of hCGbeta genes and studied the association between the expression in RCC tissue (n = 104) and clinical outcome. hCGbeta mRNA expression was detected in 40% (42 of 104) of the tumors, and in 40 of these (93%), this consisted of hCGbeta type I mRNA only, whereas type II hCGbeta mRNA was detected in two samples. hCGbeta mRNA expression was significantly associated with a shorter disease-specific (log-rank P = 0.023; median survival 1.4 versus 7.9 years) and overall survival (log-rank P = 0.011). In a Cox regression model, stage (P < 0.0001) and hCGbeta mRNA expression (P < 0.0001) were independent prognostic variables. We conclude that expression of type I hCGbeta genes indicates adverse prognosis in RCC.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper presents the conclusions of a workshop entitled 'Impact of Molecular Genetics on the Classification of Renal Cell Tumours', which was held in Heidelberg in October 1996. The focus on 'renal cell tumours' excludes any discussion of Wilms' tumour and its variants, or of tumours metastatic to the kidneys. The proposed classification subdivides renal cell tumours into benign and malignant parenchymal neoplasms and, where possible, limits each subcategory to the most commonly documented genetic abnormalities. Benign tumours are subclassified into metanephric adenoma and adenofibroma, papillary renal cell adenoma, and renal oncocytoma. Malignant tumours are subclassified into common or conventional renal cell carcinoma; papillary renal cell carcinoma; chromophobe renal cell carcinoma; collecting duct carcinoma, with medullary carcinoma of the kidney; and renal cell carcinoma, unclassified. This classification is based on current genetic knowledge, correlates with recognizable histological findings, and is applicable to routine diagnostic practice.The Journal of Pathology 11/1997; 183(2):131-3. · 6.32 Impact Factor