Why invest in an educational fellowship program?

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Academic Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.47). 12/2006; 81(11):936-40. DOI: 10.1097/01.ACM.0000242476.57510.ce
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Expanding and refining the repertoire of medical school teaching faculty is required by the many current and changing demands of medical education. To meet this challenge academic medical institutions have begun to establish programs--including educational fellowship programs--to improve the teaching toolboxes of faculty and to empower them to assume leadership roles within both institutional and educational arenas. In this article, the authors (1) provide historical background on educational fellowship programs; (2) describe the prevalence and focus of these programs in North American medical schools, based on data from a recent (2005) survey; and (3) give a brief overview of the nine fellowship programs that are discussed fully in other articles in this issue of Academic Medicine. These articles describe very different types of educational fellowships that, nevertheless, share common features: a cohort of faculty members who are selected to participate in a longitudinal set of faculty development activities to improve participants' teaching skills and to build a cadre of educational leaders for the institution. Evaluation of educational fellowships remains a challenging issue, but the authors contend that one way to evaluate the programs' effectiveness is to look at the educational improvements that have been instigated by program graduates. The authors hope that the various program descriptions will help readers to improve their existing programs and/or to initiate new programs.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose – This paper aims to explore the impact leadership development program graduates had on their workgroup, the nature of that impact and how that impact occurred. Design/methodology/approach – This research was conducted at three sites using a qualitative interview methodology with thematic data analysis. Techniques to ensure trustworthiness included purposive sampling, triangulation of researchers, member checks and code checking. Findings – Analysis of the data revealed secondhand learning as specific changes in practices, behaviors and attitudes, transferred by program graduates to their peers and supervisors. The transfer of learning was described as both intentional and informal learning during episodes of varying duration, and occurred through a variety of dyadic and group interactions in a manner generally consistent with the 4I framework of organizational learning. Research limitations/implications – The study was limited to medical educators. Recommendations for supervisors and organizations to maximize training transfer are identified. These suggestions advocate for actively encouraging graduates in departmental leadership and faculty development; focusing transfer on specific practices, behaviors and attitudes; and considering both short- and long-term outcomes. Originality/value – This paper makes an original contribution to the literature by describing the process of secondhand learning from leadership development program graduates. The paper also expands our understanding of the nuances in transfer methods and associated learning episodes in the context of an educational environment. Finally, the research illustrates how qualitative methods can be used to expose secondhand learning.
    Journal of Workplace Learning 10/2014; 26(8):511-528. DOI:10.1108/JWL-01-2014-0003
  • Source
    Revista peruana de medicina experimental y salud publica 09/2014; 31(3):417-423.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To describe the experience and results of the implementation of a faculty development program for professors of Medicine in the Medical Education Certificate program developed at the School of Medicine, Pontificia Uniersidad Catolica de Chile. Materials and methods. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study. The population consisted of all graduates of the program until 2011. A questionnaire with open and closed-ended questions was applied, exploring different levels of impact using the Kirkpatrick evaluation model. Results. Over 97% expressed a high degree of satisfaction (Kirkpatrick level 1). Most respondents reported changes in learning, knowledge and teaching skills (Kirkpatrick Level 2) with statistically significant differences in retrospective pre-post questionnaires 93% reported having improved their teaching performance generally, and 85% in a specific performance (Kirkpatrick Level 3). At level 4 of the Kirkpatrick evaluation model, most perceived an increased interest in teaching and 69% reported being valued more highly at the institutional level. Five categories emerged from the qualitative analysis: value given to teaching and of training in teaching, importance of teaching skills, the contribution of teaching to the professional role, contribution to personal development and strengthening of the academic community. Conclusions. The effects of this faculty development program in medical education have been positive. Professors of Medicine, in addition to improving their teaching performance, perceived changes in personal development, in their role as physicians, in the academic community and in the institution.
    Revista peruana de medicina experimental y salud publica 09/2014; 31(3):417-23.


Available from