Impact of prior treatment exposure on response to antidepressant treatment in late life
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to describe the correlates of prior antidepressant exposure and its association with response to protocolized treatment in older patients with major depression.
Based on their prior antidepressant treatment exposure, 193 elderly patients with a major depressive episode were divided into three groups: those with no prior treatment for their current episode (not treated [TN]), those with antidepressant trials of inadequate dose or duration ("treatment-inadequate" [TI]), and those with at least one adequate trial but persisting depression ("treatment-resistant" [TR]). All patients then received protocolized treatment with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and paroxetine plus pharmacologic augmentation if needed. The demographic, clinical, and outcome information were compared among these three groups.
Approximately one-third of the patients referred to the study had been adequately treated (TR), one-third had been inadequately treated (TI), and one-third were not treated for the current episode (TN). Treatment completion rates and reasons for dropping out did not differ statistically among TR, TI, and TN patients. TR patients took longer to respond (13.0 weeks) than either TI or TN patients (7.6 and 8.0 weeks, respectively). TR and TI patients had lower response rates (67% and 71%) than TN patients (86%).
Prior treatment exposure is an important correlate of course and outcome in late-life depression. Most TR and TI patients eventually respond, but TR patients may require more intensive and longer courses of treatment than TI and TN patients.
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ABSTRACT: Having failed to respond to an adequate antidepressant treatment course predicts poorer treatment outcomes in patients with major depression. However, little is known about the impact of prior treatment on the outcome of major depression with psychotic features (MDpsy). We examined the effect of prior treatment history on the outcome of pharmacotherapy of MDpsy in patients who participated in the STOPD-PD study, a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial comparing a combination of olanzapine plus sertraline vs. olanzapine plus placebo. The strength of treatment courses received prior to randomization was classified using a validated method. A hierarchy of outcomes was hypothesized based on treatments received prior to randomization and randomized treatment. A high remission rate was observed in subjects with a history of no prior treatment or inadequate treatment who were treated with a combination of olanzapine and sertraline. A low remission rate was observed in subjects who had previously failed to respond to an antidepressant alone and who were treated with olanzapine monotherapy. A low remission rate was also observed in subjects who had previously failed to respond to a combination of an antipsychotic and an antidepressant. Similar to patients with major depression, these results emphasize the impact of prior pharmacotherapy on treatment outcomes in patients with MDpsy.Journal of Psychiatric Research 02/2011; 45(7):896-901. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.01.003 · 4.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Problem adaptation therapy (PATH) is a treatment for older adults with major depression, cognitive impairment (from mild cognitive deficits to moderate dementia), and disability. Antidepressants have limited efficacy in this population and psychosocial interventions are inadequately investigated.JAMA Psychiatry 11/2014; 72(1). DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.1305 · 12.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As the population ages, successive cohorts of older adults will experience depressive disorders. Late-life depression (LLD) carries additional risk for suicide, medical comorbidity, disability, and family caregiving burden. Although response and remission rates to pharmacotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy are comparable with those in midlife depression, relapse rates are higher, underscoring the challenge to achieve and maintain wellness. This article reviews the evidence base for LLD treatment options and provides an analysis of treatment options for difficult-to-treat LLD variants (eg, psychotic depression, vascular depression). Treatment algorithms are also reviewed based on predictors of response and promising novel treatment options.The Psychiatric clinics of North America 06/2011; 34(2):335-55, vii-iii. DOI:10.1016/j.psc.2011.02.005 · 1.87 Impact Factor