Autologous transplantation of mononuclear bone marrow cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction: The effect of the dose of transplanted cells on myocardial function
ABSTRACT Despite the reports on successful treatment of acute myocardial infarction using autologous mononuclear bone marrow cell transplantation, many unresolved questions still remain. We studied the impact of the dose of transplanted cells on myocardial function and perfusion.
Sixty-six patients with a first acute myocardial infarction were randomized into 3 groups. Two groups were intracoronarily given mononuclear bone marrow cells in either higher (10(8) cells, higher cell dose [HD] group, n = 22) or lower (10(7) cells, lower cell dose [LD] group, n = 22) doses. Twenty-two patients without cell transplantation served as a control (C) group.
At 3 months of follow-up, the baseline peak systolic velocities of longitudinal contraction of the infarcted wall of 5.2, 4.5, and 4.3 cm/s in C, LD, and HD groups increased by 0.0, 0.5 (P < .05 vs C group), and 0.9 cm/s (P < .05 vs LD group, P < .01 vs C group), respectively, as demonstrated by Doppler tissue imaging. Baseline left ventricular ejection fractions of 42%, 42%, and 41% in C, LD, and HD groups increased by 2%, 3%, and by 5% (P < .05 vs group C), respectively, as assessed by the gated technetium Tc 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography.
Mononuclear bone marrow cell transplantation improves regional myocardial function of the infarcted wall in a dose-dependent manner.
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ABSTRACT: Several cell-based therapies for adjunctive treatment of acute myocardial infarction have been investigated in multiple clinical trials, but the benefits still remain controversial. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BMMNC) therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction, but also explores the effect of newer generations of stem cells. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed on randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of stem cell therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction that were published between January 2002 and September 2013. The defined end points were left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, LV end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes, infarct size, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rates. Also, several subgroup analyses were performed on BMMNC trials. Overall, combining the results of 22 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), LV ejection fraction increased by +2.10% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68-3.52; P=0.004) in the BMMNC group as compared with controls, evoked by a preservation of LV end-systolic volume (-4.05 mL; 95% CI, -6.91 to -1.18; P=0.006) and a reduction in infarct size (-2.69%; 95% CI, -4.83 to -0.56; P=0.01). However, there is no effect on cardiac function, volumes, or infarct size, when only RCTs (n=9) that used MRI-derived end points were analyzed. Moreover, no beneficial effect could be detected on major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rates after BMMNC infusion after a median follow-up duration of 6 months. Intracoronary infusion of BMMNC is safe, but does not enhance cardiac function on MRI-derived parameters, nor does it improve clinical outcome. New and possibly more potent stem cells are emerging in the field, but their clinical efficacy still needs to be defined in future trials.Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2014; 7(2). DOI:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.113.001009 · 6.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that the intracoronary administration of bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may improve left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there is still argumentative for the safety and efficacy of MSCs in the AMI setting. We thus performed a randomized pilot study to investigate the safety and efficacy of MSCs in patients with AMI. Eighty patients with AMI after successful reperfusion therapy were randomly assigned and received an intracoronary administration of autologous BM-derived MSCs into the infarct related artery at 1 month. During follow-up period, 58 patients completed the trial. The primary endpoint was changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at 6 month. We also evaluated treatment-related adverse events. The absolute improvement in the LVEF by SPECT at 6 month was greater in the BM-derived MSCs group than in the control group (5.9%±8.5% vs 1.6%±7.0%; P=0.037). There was no treatment-related toxicity during intracoronary administration of MSCs. No significant adverse cardiovascular events occurred during follow-up. In conclusion, the intracoronary infusion of human BM-derived MSCs at 1 month is tolerable and safe with modest improvement in LVEF at 6-month follow-up by SPECT. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT01392105).Journal of Korean medical science 01/2014; 29(1):23-31. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2014.29.1.23 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ischemic heart disease, particularly acute myocardial infarction (MI), is the worldwide health care problem and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The fundamental treatment of MI remains a major unmet medical need. Although recent tremendous advances have been made in the treatment for acute MI such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and medical and surgical therapies, myocardial cell loss after ischemia and subsequent, adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure are demanding for new therapeutic strategy. Since the first experimental studies of adult stem cell therapy into the ischemic heart were performed in the early 1990s, the identification and potential application of stem and/or progenitor cells has triggered attempts to regenerate damaged heart tissue and cell-based therapy is a promising option for treatment of MI. In this review, we would like to discuss the pathogenesis of acute MI, current standard treatments and their limitation, clinical results of recent stem or progenitor cell therapy which have shown a favorable safety profile with modest improvement in cardiac function, and putative mechanisms of benefits.05/2010; 3(1):8-15. DOI:10.15283/ijsc.2010.3.1.8