TNF-alpha decreases hsp 27 in human blood mononuclear cells: involvement of protein kinase c.

Medical Education Development Center, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Yanagito 1-1, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.
Life Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.3). 01/2007; 80(3):181-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2006.08.035
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Treatment of PBMCs with TNF-alpha decreased the levels of heat shock protein (HSP) 27, but had little effect on the level of HSP70. Parallel to the decrease of HSP27, TNF-alpha increased the level of HSP27 in the incubation medium of the cells. The decrease of HSP27 induced by TNF-alpha was suppressed by the pretreatment of PBMCs with the specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, GF109203X. Furthermore, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a PKC stimulant, but not dibutyryl cyclic AMP, a protein kinase A stimulant, decreased the levels of HSP27. To investigate the effect of TNF-alpha on the oligomerization state of HSP27 in PBMCs, we performed sucrose density gradient centrifugation with subsequent fractionation and immunoassay. Extract of vehicle-treated PBMCs contained mainly dissociated forms of HSP27. The amounts of dissociated forms of HSP27 in PBMCs was decreased by TNF-alpha, while the amounts of aggregated form of HSP27 was little changed. In intact PBMCs, HSP27 is constitutively phosphorylated at Ser78, but not at Ser15 or at Ser82. The amount of phosphorylated HSP27 at Ser78 was decreased by TNF-alpha. These results indicate that TNF-alpha reduces HSP27 in PBMCs through PKC activation. This decrease may be due to efflux of dissociated form of HSP27, phosphorylated HSP27 at Ser78, from the cells.

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