Comparability of self-collected vaginal swabs and physician-collected cervical swabs for detection of human papillomavirus infections in Rakai, Uganda
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to compare human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing between self-administered vaginal swabs and physician-administered cervical swabs in women from rural Rakai District, Uganda.
Between 2002 and 2003, women from a population-based cohort participated in an HPV study. Women collected self-administered vaginal swabs and were also offered a pelvic examination, which included physician-collected cervical samples.
Hybrid-capture 2 was used to determine carcinogenic HPV status. Polymerase chain reaction was used to determine HPV genotypes. Unweighted kappa statistics were used to determine agreement.
Compliance with self-collected swabs was > or =86%; however, only 51% accepted a pelvic examination. Carcinogenic HPV prevalence was 19% in self-collected and 19% in physician-collected samples. Agreement among paired observations was 92% with a kappa of 0.75. Kappa between self- and physician-collected samples was similar in HIV strata (k = 0.71 and 0.75 for HIV-positive and HIV-negative, respectively).
In this community-based setting, detection of carcinogenic HPV was comparable among self- and physician-administered samples. Self-collection is a feasible and accurate means of obtaining HPV samples from women in resource-poor settings or persons reluctant to undergo a pelvic examination.
SourceAvailable from: Carlos Eurico Dos Santos Fernandes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) are at a higher risk of developing cervical lesions. In the current study, self and clinician-collected vaginal and cervical samples from women were processed to detect HPV DNA using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with PGMY09/11 primers. HPV genotypes were determined using type-specific PCR. HPV DNA detection showed good concordance between self and clinician-collected samples (84.6%; kappa = 0.72). HPV infection was found in 30% women and genotyping was more concordant among high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) than low-risk HPV (HR-HPV). HPV16 was the most frequently detected among the HR-HPV types. LR-HPV was detected at a higher frequency in self-collected; however, HR-HPV types were more frequently identified in clinician-collected samples than in self-collected samples. HPV infections of multiple types were detected in 20.5% of clinician-collected samples and 15.5% of self-collected samples. In this study, we demonstrated that the HPV DNA detection rate in self-collected samples has good agreement with that of clinician-collected samples. Self-collected sampling, as a primary prevention strategy in countries with few resources, could be effective for identifying cases of HR-HPV, being more acceptable. The use of this method would enhance the coverage of screening programs for cervical cancer.Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 04/2014; DOI:10.1590/0074-0276130397 · 1.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Vaginal self-sampling with HPV-DNA tests is a promising primary screening method for cervical cancer. However, women’s experiences, concerns and the acceptability of such tests in low-resource settings remain unknown. Methods In India, Nicaragua, and Uganda, a mixed-method design was used to collect data from surveys (N = 3,863), qualitative interviews (N = 72; 20 providers and 52 women) and focus groups (N = 30 women) on women’s and providers’ experiences with self-sampling, women’s opinions of sampling at home, and their future needs. Results Among surveyed women, 90% provided a self- collected sample. Of these, 75% reported it was easy, although 52% were initially concerned about hurting themselves and 24% were worried about not getting a good sample. Most surveyed women preferred self-sampling (78%). However it was not clear if they responded to the privacy of self-sampling or the convenience of avoiding a pelvic examination, or both. In follow-up interviews, most women reported that they didn’t mind self-sampling, but many preferred to have a provider collect the vaginal sample. Most women also preferred clinic-based screening (as opposed to home-based self-sampling), because the sample could be collected by a provider, women could receive treatment if needed, and the clinic was sanitary and provided privacy. Self-sampling acceptability was higher when providers prepared women through education, allowed women to examine the collection brush, and were present during the self-collection process. Among survey respondents, aids that would facilitate self-sampling in the future were: staff help (53%), additional images in the illustrated instructions (31%), and a chance to practice beforehand with a doll/model (26%). Conclusion Self-and vaginal-sampling are widely acceptable among women in low-resource settings. Providers have a unique opportunity to educate and prepare women for self-sampling and be flexible in accommodating women’s preference for self-sampling.BMC Public Health 06/2014; 14(1):596. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-596 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim:To conduct a pilot cross-sectional study to evaluate the rates of detection of four common high-risk HPV (hr-HPV) types using first-void urine paired with vaginal self-obtained samples in a nonvaccinated population of pregnant women. We also aimed to compare these results with a matched nonpregnant group in order to test the applicability of self-sampled hr-HPV cervical cancer screening during antenatal visits. Materials & methods: Samples from 550 pregnant women were subjected to hr-HPV-16, -18, -31 and -45 type detection by inhouse PCR and compared with 250 paired urine, vaginal and cervical samples from an age-matched cohort of nonpregnant women. Results: Comparing overall hr-HPV prevalence in urine and vaginal samples between pregnant (15 out of 550; 2.7%) and nonpregnant women (eight out of 250; 3.2%) for each HPV type revealed no significant differences. All paired urine/vaginal samples were both positive for the same type of hr-HPV and there was no positive urine sample with the other samples being negative. Conclusion: hr-HPV detection in pregnant women using self-obtained urine and vaginal samples seems to be a feasible cervical cancer screening method.Future Virology 04/2014; april 2014(9):385-395. DOI:10.2217/fvl.14.11 · 1.00 Impact Factor