Integrin alphavbeta5 regulates lung vascular permeability and pulmonary endothelial barrier function.

Lung Biology Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Laboratory of Surgical Research, Department of Anesthesia, and Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, California 94158, USA.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.15). 04/2007; 36(3):377-86. DOI: 10.1165/rcmb.2006-0238OC
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Increased lung vascular permeability is an important contributor to respiratory failure in acute lung injury (ALI). We found that a function-blocking antibody against the integrin alphavbeta5 prevented development of lung vascular permeability in two different models of ALI: ischemia-reperfusion in rats (mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]) and ventilation-induced lung injury (VILI) in mice (mediated, at least in part, by transforming growth factor-beta [TGF-beta]). Knockout mice homozygous for a null mutation of the integrin beta5 subunit were also protected from lung vascular permeability in VILI. In pulmonary endothelial cells, both the genetic absence and blocking of alphavbeta5 prevented increases in monolayer permeability induced by VEGF, TGF-beta, and thrombin. Furthermore, actin stress fiber formation induced by each of these agonists was attenuated by blocking alphavbeta5, suggesting that alphavbeta5 regulates induced pulmonary endothelial permeability by facilitating interactions with the actin cytoskeleton. These results identify integrin alphavbeta5 as a central regulator of increased pulmonary vascular permeability and a potentially attractive therapeutic target in ALI.

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