Efficient Green-Blue-Light-Emitting Cationic Iridium Complex for Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

Laboratory for Photonics and Interfaces, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, School of basic Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
Inorganic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.76). 12/2006; 45(23):9245-50. DOI: 10.1021/ic060495e
Source: PubMed


A highly luminescent novel cationic iridium complex [iridium bis(2-phenylpyridine)(4,4'-(dimethylamino)-2,2'-bipyridine)]PF6 was synthesized and characterized using NMR, UV-visible absorption, and emission spectroscopy and electrochemical methods. This complex displays intense photoluminescence maxima in the green-blue region of the visible spectrum and exhibits unprecedented phosphorescence quantum yields, 80 +/- 10% with an excited-state lifetime of 2.2 mus in a dichloromethane solution at 298 K. Single-layer light-emitting electrochemical cells with the charged complex as conducting and electroluminescent material sandwiched between indium-tin oxide and Ag electrodes were fabricated, which emit green-blue light with an onset voltage as low as 2.5 V. Density functional theory calculations were performed to provide insight into the electronic structure of the [iridium bis(2-phenylpyridine)(4,4'-(dimethylamino)-2,2'-bipyridine)]PF6 complex, comparing these results with those obtained for [iridium bis(2-phenylpyridine)(4,4'-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine)]PF6.

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