A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Anger Management in Children Diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome
ABSTRACT The purpose of the study described was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural intervention for anger management with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome. Forty-five children and their parents were randomly assigned to either intervention or wait-list control conditions. Children in the intervention participated in six 2-h weekly sessions while parents participated in a larger parent group. Parent reports indicated a significant decrease in episodes of anger following intervention and a significant increase in their own confidence in managing anger in their child. Qualitative information gathered from parents and teachers indicated some generalization of strategies learned in the clinic setting to both home and school settings. Limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are a potential common factor underlying the presentation of multiple emotional and behavioral problems in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). To provide an overview of how ER has been studied in individuals with ASD, we conducted a systematic review of the past 20 years of ER research in the ASD population, using established keywords from the most comprehensive ER literature review of the typically developing population to date. Out of an initial sampling of 305 studies, 32 were eligible for review. We examined the types of methods (self-report, informant report, naturalistic observation/ behavior coding, physiological, and open-ended) and the ER constructs based on Gross and Thompson's modal model (situation selection, situation modification, attention deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation). Studies most often assessed ER using one type of method and from a unidimensional perspective. Across the 32 studies, we documented the types of measures used and found that 38% of studies used self-report, 44% included an informant report measure, 31% included at least one naturalistic observation/behavior coding measure, 13% included at least one physiological measure, and 13% included at least one open-ended measure. Only 25% of studies used more than one method of measurement. The findings of the current review provide the field with an in-depth analysis of various ER measures and how each measure taps into an ER framework. Future research can use this model to examine ER in a multicomponent way and through multiple methods. Autism Res 2014, ●●: ●●–●●. © 2014 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Autism Research 12/2014; 7(6):629-648. DOI:10.1002/aur.1426 · 4.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Youth with autism spectrum disorder often struggle to cope with co-occurring anxiety, depression, or anger, and having both internalizing and externalizing symptoms is a common clinical presentation. A number of authors have designed cognitive-behavioral interventions to address transdiagnostic factors related to multiple emotional problems, although none have applied this focus to youth with ASD. The current review article describes how a transdiagnostic emotion regulation framework may inform cognitive-behavioral interventions for youth with ASD, which until now have focused almost exclusively on anxiety. Research is needed to empirically test how a transdiagnostic intervention can address the processes of emotion regulation and assist youth with ASD to cope with their emotional disorders.Clinical Psychology Science and Practice 12/2014; 21(4):331–350. DOI:10.1111/cpsp.12084 · 2.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Co-morbid mental health conditions are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is frequently used to treat these symptoms. Hence, a systematic review was undertaken to synthesise published data about the effectiveness of CBT interventions for adults with ASD and psychiatric co-morbidity. Only six studies met pre-determined review inclusion criteria: two RCTs; one quasi-experimental study; one case series; and two case studies. Meta-analysis was not possible due to study heterogeneity. A narrative analysis of the data suggested that CBT interventions – including behavioural, cognitive, and mindfulness-based techniques – were moderately effective treatments for co-morbid anxiety and depression symptoms, albeit that sample sizes were small, participant characteristics varied widely, and psychometric properties of self-report outcome measurements utilised in the ASD population remain subject to some debate. Several studies described adaptations to standard CBT including an increase in the number of sessions, or accommodation of core ASD characteristics and associated neuropsychological impairments within the therapy process. We suggest further empirical research is needed to (1) investigate the acceptability and effectiveness of a range of CBT interventions for adults who have ASD and co-morbidity, and (2) to identify which adaptations are requisite for optimising CBT techniques and outcomes in this population.Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 11/2014; 9. DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.10.019 · 2.96 Impact Factor