FcR-Bearing Myeloid Cells Are Responsible for Triggering Murine Lupus Nephritis

Integrated Program in Cellular, Molecular, and Biophysical Studies, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 12/2006; 177(10):7287-95. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.177.10.7287
Source: PubMed


Lupus glomerulonephritis is initiated by deposition of IgG-containing immune complexes in renal glomeruli. FcR engagement by immune complexes (IC) is crucial to disease development as uncoupling this pathway in FcRgamma(-/-) abrogates inflammatory responses in (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. To define the roles of FcR-bearing hemopoietic cells and of kidney resident mesangial cells in pathogenesis, (NZB x NZW)F1 bone marrow chimeras were generated. Nephritis developed in (NZB x NZW)F1 mice expressing activating FcRs in hemopoietic cells. Conversely, recipients of FcRgamma(-/-) bone marrow were protected from disease development despite persistent expression of FcRgamma in mesangial cell populations. Thus, activating FcRs on circulating hemopoietic cells, rather than on mesangial cells, are required for IC-mediated pathogenesis in (NZB x NZW)F1. Transgenic FcRgamma(-/-) mice expressing FcRgamma limited to the CD11b+ monocyte/macrophage compartment developed glomerulonephritis in the anti-glomerular basement disease model, whereas nontransgenic FcRgamma(-/-) mice were completely protected. Thus, direct activation of circulating FcR-bearing myeloid cells, including monocytes/macrophages, by glomerular IC deposits is sufficient to initiate inflammatory responses.

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    • "BioMed Research International coagulation factors [1] [3] [4] "
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of B-cell activation and immune complex-mediated Fc-receptor activation in the pathogenesis of immunologically mediated glomerulonephritis has long been recognized. The two nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) and Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk), are primarily expressed by hematopoietic cells, and participate in B-cell-receptor- and Fc-receptor-mediated activation. Pharmacological inhibitors of Syk or Btk are undergoing preclinical development and clinical trials for several immune diseases; and Syk inhibitors have been shown to reduce disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis patients. However, the clinical therapeutic efficacies of these inhibitors in glomerulonephritis have not been evaluated. Herein, we review recent studies of Syk and Btk inhibitors in several experimental primary and secondary glomerulonephritis models. These inhibitors suppressed development of glomerular injury, and also ameliorated established kidney disease. Thus, targeting Syk and Btk signaling pathways is a potential therapeutic strategy for glomerulonephritis, and further evaluation is recommended.
    03/2014; 2014(10):814869. DOI:10.1155/2014/814869
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    • "In (NZB × NZW)F1 mice, the presence of glomerular immune complexes is not sufficient for the development of nephritis. Rather, the development of nephritis requires the recruitment of FcR-expressing myeloid cells, including macrophages, to the kidney and the subsequent activation of these cells by glomerular immune complexes [12,13]. These activated macrophages are thought to contribute to the chronic renal inflammation and tissue damage associated with nephritis. "
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the ability of a macromolecular prodrug of dexamethasone (P-Dex) to treat lupus nephritis in (NZB × NZW)F1 mice. We also explored the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of this prodrug. P-Dex eliminated albuminuria in most (NZB × NZW)F1 mice. Furthermore, P-Dex reduced the incidence of severe nephritis and extended lifespan in these mice. P-Dex treatment also prevented the development of lupus-associated hypertension and vasculitis. Although P-Dex did not reduce serum levels of anti-dsDNA antibodies or glomerular immune complexes, P-Dex reduced macrophage recruitment to the kidney and attenuated tubulointerstitial injury. In contrast to what was observed with free dexamethasone, P-Dex did not induce any deterioration of bone quality. However, P-Dex did lead to reduced peripheral white blood cell counts and adrenal gland atrophy. These results suggest that P-Dex is more effective and less toxic than free dexamethasone for the treatment of lupus nephritis in (NZB × NZW)F1 mice. Furthermore, the data suggest that P-Dex may treat nephritis by attenuating the renal inflammatory response to immune complexes, leading to decreased immune cell infiltration and diminished renal inflammation and injury.
    PLoS ONE 11/2013; 8(11):e81483. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0081483 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Deposition of ICs within the MM and GBM is associated with renal expression of proinflammatory chemokines attracting leukocytes in SLE patients and murine models of lupus-like nephritis [15] [16] [17]. This will lead to increased influx of Fc receptor bearing effector cells activated by circulating ICs, which together will increase the ongoing inflammation and tissue destruction [18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously demonstrated that continuous infusion of low molecular weight (LMW) heparin delays autoantibody production and development of lupus nephritis in (NZBxNZW)F1 (B/W) mice. In this study we investigated the effect of LMW heparin on renal cytokine and chemokine expression and on nucleosome-mediated activation of nucleosome-specific splenocytes. Total mRNA extracted from kidneys of heparin-treated or -untreated B/W mice was analysed by qPCR for the expression of several cytokines, chemokines, and Toll-like receptors. Splenocytes taken from B/W mice were stimulated with nucleosomes with or without the presence of heparin. Splenocyte cell proliferation as thymidine incorporation and the expression of costimulatory molecules and cell activation markers were measured. Heparin treatment of B/W mice reduced the in vivo expression of CCR2, IL1 β , and TLR7 compared to untreated B/W mice. Nucleosome-induced cell proliferation of splenocytes was not influenced by heparin. The expression of CD80, CD86, CD69, CD25, CTLA-4, and TLR 2, 7, 8, and 9 was upregulated upon stimulation by nucleosomes, irrespective of whether heparin was added to the cell culture or not. In conclusion, treatment with heparin lowers the kidney expression of proinflammatory mediators in B/W mice but does not affect nucleosomal activation of splenocytes.
    Clinical and Developmental Immunology 09/2013; 2013:791262. DOI:10.1155/2013/791262 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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