Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses.

Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan.
Phytotherapy Research (Impact Factor: 2.07). 02/2007; 21(1):17-25. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) is a highly valued plant, distributed in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. It has an impressive range of medicinal uses with high nutritional value. Different parts of this plant contain a profile of important minerals, and are a good source of protein, vitamins, beta-carotene, amino acids and various phenolics. The Moringa plant provides a rich and rare combination of zeatin, quercetin, beta-sitosterol, caffeoylquinic acid and kaempferol. In addition to its compelling water purifying powers and high nutritional value, M. oleifera is very important for its medicinal value. Various parts of this plant such as the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, flowers and immature pods act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants, possess antitumor, antipyretic, antiepileptic, antiinflammatory, antiulcer, antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, cholesterol lowering, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and antifungal activities, and are being employed for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine, particularly in South Asia. This review focuses on the detailed phytochemical composition, medicinal uses, along with pharmacological properties of different parts of this multipurpose tree.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Through the six domains of the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) — physical, psychological, level of independence, social relationship, environment and spirituality or religion — ten out of one hundred randomly selected studies were analysed and evaluated as a theoretical outcome of self care using health products such as food supplements, multivitamins and minerals. A reconstructed HRQOL tool was used in the qualitative and the quantitative analysis and evaluation of the ten selected studies. A Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool was also used in making sense of the evidences of the study trials. The Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome guide focused the protocol for the selection of the studies used in this meta-analysis. A probability sampling generated a uniform distribution of the populations. The manner of consuming or the route of administration, the volume and the preparation of commercially prepared health products were neither analysed nor evaluated as the exclusion criteria. Of the ten studies, nine gave a high significance to the six domains of the HRQOL (O.R. = 90% / p = <0.05). The six domains of the HRQOL showed a significant relationship to the extrinsic factors — age, gender, health status, location of residency and ethnicity/genetic.
    Academy of Sciences, Malaysia. 06/2014; 8(1):55-66.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of natural coagulant protein in drinking water treatment has been discussed for a long time, though the method is still not in practice, probably due to limited knowledge and availability of material. In the present work, different Mustard varieties were tested for the presence of coagulant protein compared with Moringa seed extract and their potential application in water treatment. The coagulation activity of the protein extract was measured using synthetic clay solution as well as water from pond. The protein content was determined by Bradford method, molecular mass determined by Sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and peptide sequence was analyzed by Mass spectrometry. Extract of Mustard (large) and Moringa seed showed coagulation activity of ≅70 and ≅85 % after 90 min, respectively. Interestingly, seed extracts from other Mustard varieties had coagulation activity after heat activation at 95 °C for 5 h. However, the coagulation activity of Mustard seed extract against turbid pond water was higher (≅60 %) compared to Moringa seed extract (≅50 %). The peptide sequence analysis of 6.5 and 9 kDa proteins was found to be homologous to Moringa coagulant protein and napin3, respectively. To our knowledge, this could be the first report on Mustard seed having coagulant protein. The coagulation activity of Mustard (large) against highly turbid pond water suggested that it could be a potential natural coagulant for water treatment.
    International journal of Environmental Science and Technology 05/2014; · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Moringa concanensis is widely used in India. Apart from nutritional supplement this plant parts were used as a Ayurveda and Unani medicinal systems for the treatment of several ailments including anti-inflammatory, purgative, analgesic, potential antitumor, anti-fungal, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic activity. In the present study, evaluation of the antioxidant activities of flowers of M. concanensis, was investigated. Different phytochemicals and free radical scavenging activity were measured in the ethanolic and water extract of fresh and dried flowers of M. concanensis collected from in and around Barrackpore area, West Bengal. The phytochemical studied from flower extracts containes total polyphenols, flavonoids, ascorbic acid and tannins. Free Radical scavenging activities of the extracts were evaluated using DPPH assay method. The results revealed that the ethanolic and water extracts of flowers of M. concanensis (fresh or dried) contain substantial amount of polyphenols, flavonoids, ascorbic acid and tannins. The flower extract also have shown high percentage of DPPH scavenging activity. The presence of different antioxidant constituents in the flowers of M. concanensis may influence nutritional as well as medicinal uses.
    International Journal of Research in Chemistry and Environment. 07/2014; 4(3):64-70.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 30, 2014