Lumican expression in advanced colorectal cancer with nodal metastasis correlates with poor prognosis.
ABSTRACT Lumican is a member of a small leucine-rich proteoglycan family, and it is reportedly overexpressed in human breast cancer. The expression of lumican in the extracellular matrix in breast cancer is associated with a high tumor grade, low estrogen receptor levels and young age. Lumican expression has been previously reported in colorectal cancer, but the role of lumican in the tumor is not well understood. In this study, we examined the expression and role of lumican in advanced colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on 158 patients who underwent curative surgery for advanced colorectal cancer with lymph node metastasis. In the normal colorectal tissues, lumican immunoreactivity was observed in the fibroblasts and neural cells, but not in the colorectal epithelial cells. Lumican was localized in the cytoplasm of the cancer cells and its overexpression was detected in 99 of the 158 (62.7%) colorectal cancer patients. Clinicopathologically, there was no association of lumican expression with age, sex, histological typing, or venous and lymphatic invasion. However, lumican expression tended to correlate with the spread of lymph node metastasis and the depth of tumor invasion (p=0.136 and 0.135, respectively). Furthermore, the survival rate was significantly lower in patients with a high lumican expression level than in those with a low lumican expression level (p=0.048). These results indicate that lumican expression is a potential prognostic factor in patients with advanced colorectal cancer with nodal metastasis.
Article: Genomewide mRNA profiling of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma for identification of cancer biomarkers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cancer of the esophagus is of two main types, each with distinct etiological and pathological characteristics. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is predominant type of esophageal cancers worldwide comprising almost 95% of cases. While ESCC is prevalent in the developing world, esophageal adenocarcinoma is commonly seen in the developed country, usually in association with Barrett's esophagus. In spite of its higher prevalence, ESCC has not been studied as intensively as esophageal adenocarcinoma. ESCC and esophageal adenocarcinoma are common cancers worldwide with poor survival rate among patients mainly because both of these cancers lack early biomarkers of identification. Molecular mechanisms contributing to initiation and progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma are still poorly understood. Development of DNA microarray technology allows high-throughput identification of gene expression profiles in cancers. In order to identify molecules as candidates for early diagnosis and/or as therapeutic targets, we analyzed the mRNA expression profiles of 20 cases of ESCC using whole genome DNA microarrays. A total of 2,235 genes were differentially regulated in the tumors as compared to the corresponding adjacent normal epithelium of which 881 were significantly upregulated. We validated two molecules that were not previously reported to be overexpressed in ESCC, oral cancer overexpressed 2 (ORAOV2) and fibroblast activation protein (FAP), by immunohistochemical labeling of tissue microarrays and archival tissue sections and found that they were overexpressed in 98% (116/118) and 68% (79/116) of cases, respectively. By gene enrichment analysis, we identified significant downregulation of several genes in the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway. Overall, using this approach we have identified a number of promising novel candidates that can be validated further for their potential to serve as biomarkers for ESCC.Cancer biology & therapy 02/2009; 8(1):36-46. · 2.64 Impact Factor
Article: Gene expression profile and genomic alterations in colonic tumours induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) in rats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Azoxymethane (AOM) or 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis in rats shares many phenotypical similarities with human sporadic colon cancer and is a reliable model for identifying chemopreventive agents. Genetic mutations relevant to human colon cancer have been described in this model, but comprehensive gene expression and genomic analysis have not been reported so far. Therefore, we applied genome-wide technologies to study variations in gene expression and genomic alterations in DMH-induced colon cancer in F344 rats. For gene expression analysis, 9 tumours (TUM) and their paired normal mucosa (NM) were hybridized on 4 x 44K Whole rat arrays (Agilent) and selected genes were validated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Functional analysis on microarray data was performed by GenMAPP/MappFinder analysis. Array-comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) was performed on 10 paired TUM-NM samples hybridized on Rat genome arrays 2 x 105K (Agilent) and the results were analyzed by CGH Analytics (Agilent). Microarray gene expression analysis showed that Defcr4, Igfbp5, Mmp7, Nos2, S100A8 and S100A9 were among the most up-regulated genes in tumours (Fold Change (FC) compared with NM: 183, 48, 39, 38, 36 and 32, respectively), while Slc26a3, Mptx, Retlna and Muc2 were strongly down-regulated (FC: -500; -376, -167, -79, respectively). Functional analysis showed that pathways controlling cell cycle, protein synthesis, matrix metalloproteinases, TNFalpha/NFkB, and inflammatory responses were up-regulated in tumours, while Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain, and fatty acid beta oxidation were down-regulated. a-CGH analysis showed that four TUM out of ten had one or two chromosomal aberrations. Importantly, one sample showed a deletion on chromosome 18 including Apc. The results showed complex gene expression alterations in adenocarcinomas encompassing many altered pathways. While a-CGH analysis showed a low degree of genomic imbalance, it is interesting to note that one of the alterations concerned Apc, a key gene in colorectal carcinogenesis. The fact that many of the molecular alterations described in this study are documented in human colon tumours confirms the relevance of DMH-induced cancers as a powerful tool for the study of colon carcinogenesis and chemoprevention.BMC Cancer 01/2010; 10:194. · 3.01 Impact Factor
Article: Differential proteomic analysis of a human breast tumor and its matched bone metastasis identifies cell membrane and extracellular proteins associated with bone metastasis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The classical fate of metastasizing breast cancer cells is to seed and form secondary colonies in bones. The molecules closely associated with these processes are predominantly present at the cell surface and in the extracellular space, establishing the first contacts with the target tissue. In this study, we had the rare opportunity to analyze a bone metastatic lesion and its corresponding breast primary tumor obtained simultaneously from the same patient. Using mass spectrometry, we undertook a proteomic study on cell surface and extracellular protein-enriched material. We provide a repertoire of significantly modulated proteins, some with yet unknown roles in the bone metastatic process as well as proteins notably involved in cancer cell invasiveness and in bone metabolism. The comparison of these clinical data with those previously obtained using a human osteotropic breast cancer cell line highlighted an overlapping group of proteins. Certain differentially expressed proteins are validated in the present study using immunohistochemistry on a retrospective collection of breast tumors and matched bone metastases. Our exclusive set of selected proteins supports the setup of further investigations on both clinical samples and experimental bone metastasis models that will help to reveal the finely coordinated expression of proteins that favor the development of metastases in the bone microenvironment.Journal of Proteome Research 02/2012; 11(4):2247-60. · 5.11 Impact Factor