Hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma is a hamartomatous growth of mesenchymal tissue in the liver of uncertain etiology. It is a space-occupying lesion that can potentially compress adjacent organs resulting in various complications including death. Hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma is characterized by proliferation of variably myxomatous mesenchyme and malformed bile ducts. The differential diagnosis includes other pediatric hepatic masses. The diagnosis is typically made during infancy, and complete resection is invariably curative.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver is a highly malignant and aggressive tumor that occasionally arises within mesenchymal hamartoma of the liver (MHL), a benign tumor that typically occurs in young children. Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma arising in MHL, as well as uncomplicated MHL, frequently harbor rearrangements of band 19q13.4, including the translocation t(11;19)(q13;q13.4). In this study we report the cloning and DNA sequence analysis of the translocation breakpoints in an undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma arising in MHL known to harbor t(11;19). In this case, the breakpoint at 11q13 occurred in the MALAT1 gene, also known as ALPHA. MALAT1 is rearranged in renal tumors harboring the t(6;11)(p21;q13) translocation, and noncoding MALAT1 transcripts are overexpressed in a number of human carcinomas. The breakpoint at 19q13.4 occurs at a locus we refer to as MHLB1, for Mesenchymal Hamartoma of the Liver Breakpoint 1. Although the MHLB1 locus does not contain a known gene, several human ESTs map to the region (a subset of which show homology to the nuclear RNA export factor (NXF) gene family), and the region is conserved between many mammalian species.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 05/2007; 46(5):508-13. DOI:10.1002/gcc.20437 · 4.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant liver tumors account for slightly >1% of all pediatric malignancies, with roughly 150 new cases of liver tumors diagnosed in the U.S. annually. The embryonal tumor, hepatoblastoma, accounts for two thirds of malignant liver tumors in children. Other liver malignancies in children include hepatocellular carcinoma, sarcomas, germ cell tumors, and rhabdoid tumors. Benign tumors of the liver in children include vascular tumors, hamartomas, and adenomas. There is an apparent increase in the incidence of hepatoblastoma with perinatal exposures and decreased premature infant mortality as postulated causes for this increased risk. The known causes and associations of liver tumors in children as well as the approaches to diagnosis and treatment of children are discussed in this review article.
The Oncologist 07/2008; 13(7):812-20. DOI:10.1634/theoncologist.2008-0011 · 4.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multiple bile duct hamartomas (BDHs)/von Meyenburg complexes, are tumor-like lesions of the liver. Malignant transformation in BDHs has been previously reported in very rare instances, and the most common tumor arising in this clinical setting is cholangiocarcinoma. Herein, we report on clinicopathological findings in two cases of cholangiocarcinoma occurring in liver with multiple BDHs. Histopathologically, multiple BDHs showed morphologic transition from clearly benign to dysplasia or carcinoma in situ, then to invasive carcinoma sequence of the biliary epithelium. The neoplastic epithelium showed positivity for cytokeratin 19, CA 19-9, and epithelial membrane antigen. Staining for Hep Par 1, alpha-fetoprotein, cytokeratin 20, and alpha1-antitrypsin was negative. All sections from the non-neoplastic liver in each specimen showed multiple BDHs. Any other clinically detectable primary tumor was not found. These two neoplasms were interpreted as a cholangiocarcinoma arising in BDHs. This suggested BDHs might be a risk factor of development of cholangiocarcinoma.
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 04/2009; 21(5):580-4. DOI:10.1097/MEG.0b013e3282fc73b1 · 2.25 Impact Factor
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