Specific associations of insulin resistance with impaired health-related quality of life in the Hertfordshire Cohort Study.
ABSTRACT Insulin resistance is a metabolic abnormality that underlies Type 2 diabetes, the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease, but it may also be associated with more global health deficits. This study assessed associations of insulin resistance with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in different domains of physical and mental health in a large elderly population study. Cross-sectional data of 1212 participants from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study were analysed. Insulin resistance was assessed by the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), and HRQoL was measured using the SF-36 health survey. Poor HRQoL was defined by a score lower than the sex-specific 10th percentile of each scale, and logistic regressions yielded odds ratios in relation to the HOMA-IR scores. Subsequent analyses adjusted for the influence of age, smoking, alcohol consumption, social class, BMI, coronary heart disease and depression. Results showed an increase in poor HRQoL with an increase in HOMA-IR scores for physical functioning (OR = 2.29; CI: 1.67-3.13), vitality (OR = 1.45; CI: 1.05-2.00), and general health (OR = 1.62; CI: 1.19-2.21). In men, but not in women, associations with physical functioning were independent of confounding variables. The results indicate that insulin resistance is associated with poor HRQoL in domains of physical health, but not in domains of mental health.
SourceAvailable from: Chia-Yu Liu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to explore the correlation of laboratory data, hormone peptides, and quality of life with different traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome groups in type 2 diabetes patients. Of 513 registered patients, 179 subjects aged between 20 and 65 years and having type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for more than 1 year were enrolled in the study. All the participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire on diabetic TCM syndrome groups, which was designed by professional TCM doctors, and two questionnaires on the quality of life (QOL), WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan version and Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Short Form-12 (SF-12). The biochemical characteristics and hormone peptide levels were collected at the same time. The patients in any one of the six TCM syndrome groups had the trend to have worse QOL. Especially, patients with qi deficiency had worse life quality on every aspect compared to those without qi deficiency and were fatter than others. We also found that the subjects who had qi deficiency, qi stagnation, and yin deficiency at the same time had worsened condition. We consider that patients with qi deficiency may also be at a higher risk of developing other complications. They need more advanced health care than others. This self-reported questionnaire will be a reference for health care workers screening those T2DM patients who have a higher possibility of developing other complications. Especially in remote areas, where there is a lack of medical resources, an easy-to-use tool such as the one in the present study for detecting and evaluating disease conditions is needed.04/2013; 3(2):126-33. DOI:10.4103/2225-4110.110409
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ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Quality of life (QoL) has been variously reported as normal or impaired in adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). To explore the reasons for this discrepancy we investigated the relationship between QoL, glucocorticoid treatment, and other health outcomes in CAH adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 151 adults with 21-hydroxylase deficiency aged 18-69 years in whom QoL (SF-36), glucocorticoid regimen, anthropometric, and metabolic measures were recorded. Relationships were examined between QoL, type of glucocorticoid (hydrocortisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone), and dose of glucocorticoid expressed as prednisolone dose equivalent, PreDEq. QoL was expressed as z-scores calculated from matched controls (14,430 subjects from UK population). Principal components analysis (PCA) was undertaken to identify clusters of associated clinical and biochemical features and the principal component scores used in regression analysis as predictor of QoL. RESULTS: QoL scores were associated with type of glucocorticoid treatment for vitality (P=0.002) and mental health (P=0.011), with higher z-scores indicating better QoL in patients on hydrocortisone monotherapy (P<0.05). QoL did not relate to PreDEq or mutation severity. PCA identified three principal components (PC1, disease control; PC2, adiposity and insulin resistance; PC3, blood pressure and mutations) that explained 61% of the variance in observed variables. Stepwise multiple regression analysis demonstrated that PC2, reflecting adiposity and insulin resistance (waist circumference, serum triglycerides, HOMA-IR and HDL-cholesterol), related to QoL scores, specifically impaired physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, Physical Component Summary Score (P<0.001) and vitality (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Increased adiposity, insulin resistance, and use of prednisolone or dexamethasone are associated with impaired QoL in adults with CAH. Intervention trials are required to establish whether choice of glucocorticoid treatment and/or weight loss can improve QoL in CAH adults.European Journal of Endocrinology 03/2013; DOI:10.1530/EJE-13-0128 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and different cutoff value of low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in Taiwanese women with different definition of obesity. Prospective observational study in women with central obesity was conducted in Taipei City Hospital. A total of 572 women were screened at our clinic, and 227 of them with a body mass index ≧27 kg/m(2) defined by the Department of Health in Taiwan and weight circumference ≧80 cm were eligible for the study. We defined two groups as group A-low HDL (HDL-C < 40 mg/dL) and group B-high HDL (HDL-C < 50 mg/dL) according to different definition of hypoalphalipoproteinemia in obese women. Significantly reduced HRQoL score was noted in group A-low HDL compared to group A-high HDL (HDL-C ≧ 40 mg/dL), but not between group B-low HDL and group B-high HDL (HDL-C ≧ 50 mg/dL). Positively correlation was noted between HDL-C level and physical domain of HRQoL score. HDL-C contributes independently to physical domain of HRQoL score after controlling for other factors. Decreased leptin and adiponectin level were noted in hypoalphalipoproteinemia groups. Taiwanese obese women with hypoalphalipoproteinemia have adverse impact on HRQoL, especially when the HDL-C level is lower than 40 mg/dL. Both hypoalphalipoproteinemia and hypertension accounted for a great variance to lower scores of physical domain of HRQoL with positively correlation with HDL-C level observed. Decreased leptin and adiponectin were also observed in hypoalphalipoproteinemia group, which implied increased cardiovascular risk. HDL-C level may deem as another indicator for HRQoL in women with central obesity.Quality of Life Research 12/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11136-013-0601-8 · 2.86 Impact Factor