In the present report we describe the laborious identification of the A*02010102L allele found in three healthy individuals of a French family who have shown a reduced A2 antigen expression using serological tests since the 1980s. PCR-SSP typing showed a classical A*0201 allele. Sequencing of exons 2, 3 and 4 confirmed this assignment. Sequencing of the whole gene (promoter, introns and exons 1-8) revealed one single point mutation (T to C) at position -101 in the enhancer B element region compared to the A*02010101 allele. This single mutation appears to be related to the reduced expression of the A2 antigen. This allele segregates with the haplotype Cw*12, B44, DR7, DQ2, which is different to the one described earlier.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The disruption of disulfide bridges can decrease or abolish the cell surface expression of HLA class I molecules. Such disulfide bridges are formed by cysteine residues between amino acid (aa) positions 101/164 (α2 domain) and 203/259 (α3 domain). Sequence alterations in codons 101, 164, 203 and 259 have been observed in eleven HLA-A molecules. All of these variants except of A*3014L and A*3211Q have been reported to result in null expression alleles. In the case of HLA-A*3014L, a transversion at nucleotide position 563 replaces cysteine by serine at position 164 of the mature polypeptide. HLA-A*3014L is not detectable by standard microlymphocytotoxicity assay.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.