Article

Analogues of the dopamine D2 receptor antagonist L741,626: Binding, function, and SAR.

Medicinal Chemistry, National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, 5500 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (Impact Factor: 2.34). 03/2007; 17(3):745-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.10.076
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A series of analogues of the dopamine D2 receptor antagonist L741,626 were synthesized and evaluated for binding and function at D2 family receptor subtypes. Several analogues showed comparable binding profiles to the parent ligand, however, in general, chemical modification served to reduce D2 binding affinity and selectivity.

1 Bookmark
 · 
112 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dopamine D(3) receptor antagonists exert pro-cognitive effects in both rodents and primates. Accordingly, this study compared the roles of dopamine D(3) vs D(2) receptors in social novelty discrimination (SND), which relies on olfactory cues, and novel object recognition (NOR), a visual-recognition task. The dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist, S33084 (0.04-0.63 mg/kg), caused a dose-related reversal of delay-dependent impairment in both SND and NOR procedures in adult rats. Furthermore, mice genetically deficient in dopamine D(3) receptors displayed enhanced discrimination in the SND task compared with wild-type controls. In contrast, acute treatment with the preferential dopamine D(2) receptor antagonist, L741,626 (0.16-5.0 mg/kg), or with the dopamine D(3) agonist, PD128,907 (0.63-40 μg/kg), caused a dose-related impairment in performance in rats in both tasks after a short inter-trial delay. Bilateral microinjection of S33084 (2.5 μg/side) into the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of rats increased SND and caused a dose-related (0.63-2.5 μg/side) improvement in NOR, while intra-striatal injection (2.5 μg/side) had no effect on either. In contrast, bilateral microinjection of L741,626 into the PFC (but not striatum) caused a dose-related (0.63-2.5 μg/side) impairment of NOR. These observations suggest that blockade of dopamine D(3) receptors enhances both SND and NOR, whereas D(3) receptor activation or antagonism of dopamine D(2) receptor impairs cognition in these paradigms. Furthermore, these actions are mediated, at least partly, by the PFC. These data have important implications for exploitation of dopaminergic mechanisms in the treatment of schizophrenia and other CNS disorders, and support the potential therapeutic utility of dopamine D(3) receptor antagonism.
    Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 02/2012; 37(3):770-86. · 8.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dopamine D(2) receptor is involved in the etiology of a number of disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's Chorea, tardive dyskinesia and schizophrenia. Antagonism of D(2) receptors is implicated in the treatment of various psychiatric disorders. In order to understand essential structural features required for D(2) antagonism, this research article elaborates on the generation of a four-point 3D pharmacophore model which was extracted from a series of 45 novel 3-[[(aryloxy)alkyl]piperidinyl]-1,2-benzisoxazole derivatives. The best pharmacophore model generated consisted of four PRRR features: a positively charged group (P), and three aromatic rings (R). Based on the model generated, a statistically valid 3D-QSAR with good predictability (Q(2) = 0.756) was derived. For the validation of the pharmacophore hypothesis, active compounds were docked against the 3D structure of the D(2) receptor which was constructed through homology modeling. Further, the derived pharmacophore was used as a query to search the Zinc 'clean drug-like' database. Hits retrieved were passed progressively through filters, such as fitness score, predicted activity and docking scores. The resulting hits present new scaffolds with a strong potential for D(2) antagonist.
    Molecular Diversity 12/2011; 16(2):367-75. · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The contribution of dopamine receptor subtypes in mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of cocaine is not fully established. Many drug discrimination studies use food to maintain responding, necessitating food restriction, which can alter drug effects. This study established stimulus control with cocaine (10 mg/kg) in free-feeding and food-restricted rats responding under a schedule of stimulus shock termination (SST) and in food-restricted rats responding under a schedule of food presentation to examine whether feeding condition or the reinforcer used to maintain responding impacts the effects of cocaine. Dopamine receptor agonists and antagonists were examined for their ability to mimic or attenuate, respectively, the effects of cocaine. Apomorphine, quinpirole, and lisuride occasioned >90 % responding on the cocaine-associated lever in free-feeding rats responding under a schedule of SST; apomorphine, but not quinpirole or lisuride, occasioned >90 % responding on the cocaine lever in food-restricted rats responding under a schedule of SST. In food-restricted rats responding for food these drugs occasioned little cocaine lever responding and were comparatively more potent in decreasing responding. In free-feeding rats, the effects of cocaine were attenuated by the D2/D3 receptor antagonist raclopride and the D3 receptor-selective antagonist PG01037. In food-restricted rats, raclopride and the D2 receptor-selective antagonist L-741,626 attenuated the effects of cocaine. Raclopride antagonized quinpirole in all groups while PG01037 antagonized quinpirole only in free-feeding rats. These results demonstrate significant differences in the discriminative stimulus of cocaine that are due to feeding conditions and not to the use of different reinforcers across procedures.
    Psychopharmacology 09/2013; · 4.06 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

View
28 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014