Determination of memantine in human plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry: application to a bioequivalence study.
ABSTRACT A simple, sensitive and specific liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the quantification of memantine (I) in human plasma is presented. Sample preparation consisted of the addition of amantadine (II) as internal standard (IS), liquid-liquid extraction in basic conditions using a mixture of diethyl ether-chloroform (7:3, v/v) as extracting solvent, followed by centrifugation, solvent evaporation and sample reconstitution in methanol. Both I and II (internal standard) were analyzed using a C18 column and a mobile phase composed of methanol-water-formic acid (80:20:0.1, v/v/v). Eluted compounds were monitored using positive mode electrospray (ES) tandem mass spectrometry. The analyses were carried out by selected reaction monitoring (SRM) using the parent to daughter combinations of m/z 180>163 (memantine) and m/z 152>135 (amantadine). The peak areas from the analyte and IS were used for quantification of I. The achieved limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.1 ng/mL; the assay exhibited a linear dynamic range of 0.1-50.0 ng/mL with a determination coefficient (r2) of at least 0.98. Validation results on linearity, specificity, accuracy, precision and stability, as well as on application to the analysis of samples taken up to 320 h after oral administration of 20mg (two 10mg capsules) of I in healthy volunteers demonstrated the applicability to bioequivalence studies.