Mastopexy Preferences: A Survey of Board-Certified Plastic Surgeons
ABSTRACT The purpose of this survey was to assess the current trends in mastopexy techniques and to compare satisfaction rates and complications associated with different techniques.
In September of 2002, a mastopexy survey was sent to 1500 members of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery; 487 complete responses were received, for a response rate of 32.5 percent. Questions elicited categorical answers, and the data were evaluated using the chi-square test and the comparison of two proportions.
The inverted-T incision technique is the most popular. Satisfaction was reported to be highest with the short scar periareolar inferior pedicle reduction (or SPAIR) and Hall-Findlay techniques. Physician satisfaction was lowest with the periareolar technique. The three most common complications for all techniques were suture spitting, excess scarring, and bottoming out. The periareolar group had a greater frequency of revision (p = 0.002). The inverted-T group had a greater frequency of bottoming out (p = 0.043). The short scar group had a greater frequency of asymmetry (p = 0.008).
The traditional inverted-T technique is the most popular, but the newer short scar techniques have become more popular in the last 5 years. The inverted-T incision continues to be associated with bottoming out and excess scarring. The periareolar technique has the greatest need for revision and the lowest physician satisfaction, despite its application to a greater volume of mastopexies per year.
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ABSTRACT: Twenty patients underwent resections for head and neck cancer. The reconstructive procedure used was the free forearm flap with microsurgical technique on 22 occasions. The free forearm flap was used in its simple or composite form, with double or manifold islands, with a segment of the radius for mandible reconstruction or with two islands joined solely by the vascular pedicle, constituting what the authors call "tandem flap", with excellent results. The procedure does not replace conventional ones, but the authors believe it should be regarded as one of the choice flaps by surgeons dedicated to this special field.Tumori 05/1991; 77(2):155-9. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mammaplasty for breast enhancement and correction of ptosis augmentation is described. Between 2002 and 2007, autoaugmentation mammaplasty was performed for 27 patients (age, 48 +/- 7.3 years) using an inferior-based flap of deepithelialized dermoglandular tissue inserted beneath the breast parenchyma of a superior-based nipple-areolar complex pedicle. The results confirmed that autoaugmentation mammaplasty corrects ptosis while increasing the projection and apparent volume of the breast. The degree of inframammary fold (IMF) descent 6 months after surgery generally paralleled that of the nipple. The mean level of the IMF was below the mean level of the nipple. Postoperatively, the optimum distance had been largely achieved. The advantage of the technique is that it optimizes the shape and volume of the breast without the use of an implant.Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 03/2009; 33(3):302-7. DOI:10.1007/s00266-009-9310-7 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The goal of a mastopexy is to restore the shape and volume of the breast after ptosis of the breast. Ptosis occurs commonly in response to aging and breastfeeding. A low nipple position on the breast mound can be corrected by addressing the skin envelope, but maintenance of upper pole fullness and a youthful shape of the breast is the challenge to surgeons. To address this, techniques using local glandular flaps and implants have been suggested. A new technique has been created with regard to a detailed knowledge of the breast gland's vascular anatomy. The lower breast gland is raised as a large vascularized flap and rotated into a pocket beneath the upper pole. The operative procedure is presented together with the experience of the first author with a consecutive series of 25 patients.Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 06/2009; 33(3):377-85; discussion 386-7. DOI:10.1007/s00266-009-9340-1 · 0.96 Impact Factor