Immunological activation of human umbilical cord blood mast cells induces tryptase secretion and interleukin 6, and histidine decarboxilase mRNA gene expression
ABSTRACT Allergy is the result of a complex immune cascade leading to the disregulated production of Th2 cytokines, the generation of allergen-specific IgE-producing B cells and the subsequent activation and degranulation of mast cells upon allergen challenge. Mast cell effector function significantly influences the quantity, duration and magnitude of most allergic reactions. Here, using isolated human umbilical cord blood mast cells (HUCBMC) from CD34+ cells, activated with anti-IgE (10 microg/ml) in culture, we found an augmented release of IL-6, tryptase and histamine (p < 0.01 compared with control). In addition, in these cells anti-IgE (10 microg/ml) activated the expression of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) and IL-6. In these studies we describe a new biological activity of anti-IgE in inducing histidine decarboxylase and IL-6, suggesting that this cytokine may have an important effect on allergic and inflammatory diseases mediated by mast cells. Moreover, with these data we confirm the immunoregulatory and inflammatory function of mast cells.
SourceAvailable from: Paolo Fiorina[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Current approaches aiming to cure type 1 diabetes (T1D) have made a negligible number of patients insulin-independent. In this review, we revisit the role of stem cell (SC)-based applications in curing T1D. The optimal therapeutic approach for T1D should ideally preserve the remaining β-cells, restore β-cell function, and protect the replaced insulin-producing cells from autoimmunity. SCs possess immunological and regenerative properties that could be harnessed to improve the treatment of T1D; indeed, SCs may reestablish peripheral tolerance toward β-cells through reshaping of the immune response and inhibition of autoreactive T-cell function. Furthermore, SC-derived insulin-producing cells are capable of engrafting and reversing hyperglycemia in mice. Bone marrow mesenchymal SCs display a hypoimmunogenic phenotype as well as a broad range of immunomodulatory capabilities, they have been shown to cure newly diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, and they are currently undergoing evaluation in two clinical trials. Cord blood SCs have been shown to facilitate the generation of regulatory T cells, thereby reverting hyperglycemia in NOD mice. T1D patients treated with cord blood SCs also did not show any adverse reaction in the absence of major effects on glycometabolic control. Although hematopoietic SCs rarely revert hyperglycemia in NOD mice, they exhibit profound immunomodulatory properties in humans; newly hyperglycemic T1D patients have been successfully reverted to normoglycemia with autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic SC transplantation. Finally, embryonic SCs also offer exciting prospects because they are able to generate glucose-responsive insulin-producing cells. Easy enthusiasm should be mitigated mainly because of the potential oncogenicity of SCs.Endocrine reviews 08/2011; 32(6):725-54. DOI:10.1210/er.2011-0008 · 19.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-6 is a multifunctional cytokine which has been showed to induce up-regulated expression of Fc epsilon RI receptor and histamine production in mast cells. However, little is known of its effects on Th2 cytokine secretion and protease activated receptor (PAR) expression in mast cells. In the present study, we examined potential influence of IL-6 on IL-13, IL-4 and IL-10 release from P815 cells and PAR expression on P815 cells by using flow cytometry analysis, quantitative real-time PCR, ELISA and cellular activation of signaling ELISA (CASE) techniques. The results showed that IL-6 induced up to 1.8-fold increase in IL-13, but not IL-4 or IL-10 release from P815 cells, and FSLLRY-NH(2) did not affect IL-6 induced IL-13 release. Tryptase elicited 2.0-fold increase in IL-13 release from P815 cells, which can be inhibited by IL-6. IL-6 elicited the up-regulated expression of PAR-1, PAR-2, PAR-3 and PAR-4 mRNAs, but had little effects on expression of PAR proteins. U0126, PD98059 and LY204002 abolished IL-6 induced IL-13 release when they were preincubated with P815 cells, indicating ERK and Akt cell signaling pathways may be involved in the event. In conclusion, IL-6 can stimulate IL-13 release from mast cells through an ERK and Akt cell signaling pathway dependent, but PAR independent mechanism.Cytokine 02/2010; 50(2):138-45. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2010.02.006 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mast cells are involved in the development of psoriatic lesion, but it is not known how mast cells are activated or whether mast cell cytokines are expressed during the lesion development. In this study, the Köbner reaction was induced in uninvolved psoriatic skin of 18 patients using the tape-stripping technique, and a sequence of biopsies was collected at 0 days, 2 h and 3 days or at 0 days, 1 day and 7 days for histochemical analysis. Eight patients developed the Köbner reaction verified at the follow-up visit 2-2·5 weeks later. No significant differences were observed in total tryptase(+) mast cells, psoriasis area and severity index and age/sex. Instead, the percentage of tryptase(+) mast cells showing interleukin (IL)-6 immunoreactivity was significantly higher in biopsies from Köbner-positive patients than in those from Köbner-negative patients. IL-33 is a known inducer of IL-6 in mast cells, and the number of IL-33(+) cells increased significantly in Köbner-positive dermal skin at days 3-7. The number of dermal cells with IL-6 receptor (IL-6R, CD126) also increased in Köbner-positive skin at days 3-7. Unexpectedly, the number of IL-6R(+) cells was even higher in Köbner-negative skin at days 3-7. In the chronic plaque of 10 other psoriatic patients, the numbers of IL-6(+) mast cells and dermal cells showing IL-6R were higher than those in the non-lesional skin. In conclusion, the positive Köbner reaction is associated with IL-6 in mast cells and appearance of IL-6R(+) and IL-33(+) dermal cells. This suggests that a previously unrecognized vicious circle may develop in the early psoriatic lesion.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 09/2012; 169(3):311-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2012.04618.x · 3.28 Impact Factor