Understanding children's injury-risk behavior: wearing safety gear can lead to increased risk taking.
ABSTRACT The present study examined whether school-age children show risk compensation and engage in greater risk taking when wearing safety gear compared to when not doing so when running an obstacle course containing hazards that could lead to physical injury. Because sensation seeking has been shown to influence risk taking, this child attribute was also assessed and related to risk compensation. Children 7-12 years of age were videotaped navigating the obstacle course twice, once wearing safety gear and once without safety gear, with reverse directions used to minimize possible practice effects. The time it took the child to run through the course and the number of reckless behaviors (e.g., falls, trips, bumping into things) that the child made while running the course were compared for the gear and no-gear conditions. Results indicated that children went more quickly and behaved more recklessly when wearing safety gear than when not wearing gear, providing evidence of risk compensation. Moreover, those high in sensation seeking showed greater risk compensation compared with other children. Implications for childhood injury prevention are discussed.
SourceAvailable from: Irena Pjanic[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Individuals show compensatory health behavior (e.g. safer cycling without helmet) to compensate for risky behavior. Compensatory health behavior is facilitated by high self-efficacy. A total of 134 cyclists with different helmet wearing frequencies (occasionally (OH) or never helmet (NH)) were asked to fill out a questionnaire on their compensatory health behavior when cycling without a helmet and on their general self-efficacy. An interaction between self-efficacy and use of a helmet on compensatory health behavior was found. OH-users with high self-efficacy showed more compensatory health behavior than OH-users with low self-efficacy. This effect was not present in NH-users. We assume that OH-users engage in compensatory health behavior, whereas NH-users remain unprotected by behavioral adaptation. These persons are vulnerable and may require specific attention in preventive actions.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: RESUME L'analyse des besoins pose des problèmes méthodolo-giques de taille dans le cas de la conception de produits destinés aux jeunes enfants. Une difficulté tient au statut de leur activité, fortement dépendante de celle des adultes. Qui sont les utilisateurs du produit ? Auprès de qui doit-on recueillir des données sur les besoins ? Nous présentons ici quelques problèmes méthodologiques rencontrés au cours de la conception d'un Equipement de Protection Individuelle (E.P.I.) pour prévenir la noyade infantile, puis la méthodologie que nous avons choisie pour y répondre, et enfin ses premiers apports. ABSTRACT User needs analysis poses several methodological prob-lems in the case of designing products for infants. One reason is the nature of the infant's activity itself, which depends strongly on adults. Who are the users of the product? Who should be approached to provide data on user needs? In this paper, we present some methodolog-ical issues encountered in the design of an Individual Protection Equipment to prevent drowning in infants, as well as the methodology used to circumvent them, and some of its early results.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Unintentional injuries are a major cause of disability and death among children. Initial strategies to address child safety issues have primarily either focused on the environment, trying to identify "risk environments", or on the individual, trying to identify "at risk children". More recently, the interaction between child and environment is starting to be addressed in order to enhance the understanding of childhood injuries. The present review suggests a framing of these studies in ecological theory, which implies that children with certain characteristics perceive certain affordances in the environment. In this context, risk may be considered a relational concept. The literature on risk prevention is reviewed and the role of caregivers in managing affordances is emphasized.New Ideas in Psychology 01/2015; 36. DOI:10.1016/j.newideapsych.2014.10.007 · 0.86 Impact Factor