Consequences of Shb and c-Abl interactions for cell death in response to various stress stimuli.
ABSTRACT The adaptor protein Shb has previously been shown to regulate apoptosis in response to cytokines and inhibitors of angiogenesis although the mechanisms governing these effects have remained obscure. We currently demonstrate interactions between Shb and c-Abl and that Shb regulates c-Abl kinase activity. The data suggest that c-Abl binds to tyrosine phosphorylated Shb via a concerted effort involving both the c-Abl SH3 and SH2 domains. The biological significance of the Shb/c-Abl interaction was presently tested in overexpression experiments and was found to promote hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death. We also show by Shb knockdown experiments that Shb regulates c-Abl activity and modulates cell death in response to the genotoxic agent cisplatin and the endoplasmic reticulum stress-inducer tunicamycin. The findings are in agreement with the notion of Shb playing a pivotal role in modulating c-Abl pro-apoptotic signaling in response to various stress stimuli.
Article: VEGFA and tumour angiogenesis.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this review we summarize the current understanding of signal transduction downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and its receptor VEGFR2, and the relationship between these signal transduction pathways and the hallmark responses of VEGFA, angiogenesis and vascular permeability. These physiological responses involve a number of effectors, including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), Src, phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Rho family GTPases, endothelial NO and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Several of these factors are involved in the regulation of both angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Tumour angiogenesis primarily relies on VEGFA-driven responses, which to a large extent result in a dysfunctional vasculature. The reason for this remains unclear, although it appears that certain aspects of the VEGFA-stimulated angiogenic milieu (high level of microvascular density and permeability) promote tumour expansion. The high degree of redundancy and complexity of VEGFA-driven tumour angiogenesis may explain why tumours commonly develop resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy targeting VEGFA signal transduction. © 2012 The Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine.Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2012; · 6.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The widely expressed adaptor protein Shb has previously been reported to contribute to T cell function due to its association with the T cell receptor and furthermore, several of Shb's known interaction partners are established regulators of blood cell development and function. In addition, Shb deficient embryonic stem cells displayed reduced blood cell colony formation upon differentiation in vitro. The aim of the current study was therefore to explore hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell function in the Shb knockout mouse. Shb deficient bone marrow contained reduced relative numbers of long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs) that exhibited lower proliferation rates. Despite this, Shb knockout LT-HSCs responded promptly by entering the cell cycle in response to genotoxic stress by 5-fluorouracil treatment. In competitive LT-HSC transplantations, Shb null cells initially engrafted as well as the wild-type cells but provided less myeloid expansion over time. Moreover, Shb knockout bone marrow cells exhibited elevated basal activities of focal adhesion kinase/Rac1/p21-activated kinase signaling and reduced responsiveness to Stem Cell Factor stimulation. Consequently, treatment with a focal adhesion kinase inhibitor increased Shb knockout LT-HSC proliferation. The altered signaling characteristics thus provide a plausible mechanistic explanation for the changes in LT-HSC proliferation since these signaling intermediates have all been shown to participate in LT-HSC cell cycle control. In summary, the loss of Shb dependent signaling in bone marrow cells, resulting in elevated focal adhesion kinase activity and reduced proliferative responses in LT-HSCs under steady state hematopoiesis, confers a disadvantage to the maintenance of LT-HSCs over time.Experimental Cell Research 03/2013; · 3.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Src homology-2 domain protein B (Shb) is an adapter protein operating downstream of several tyrosine kinase receptors and consequently Shb regulates various cellular responses. Absence of Shb was recently shown to reduce hematopoietic stem cell proliferation through activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and thus we sought to investigate Shb's role in the progression of leukemia.Journal of hematology & oncology. 06/2014; 7(1):45.